[][src]Crate gcode

A crate for parsing g-code programs, designed with embedded environments in mind.

Some explicit design goals of this crate are:

  • embedded-friendly: users should be able to use this crate without requiring access to an operating system (e.g. #[no_std] environments or WebAssembly)
  • deterministic memory usage: the library can be tweaked to use no dynamic allocation (see buffers::Buffers)
  • error-resistant: erroneous input won't abort parsing, instead notifying the caller and continuing on (see Callbacks)
  • performance: parsing should be reasonably fast, guaranteeing O(n) time complexity with no backtracking

Getting Started

The typical entry point to this crate is via the parse() function. This gives you an iterator over the GCodes in a string of text, ignoring any errors or comments that may appear along the way.

use gcode::Mnemonic;

let src = r#"
    G90              (absolute coordinates)
    G00 X50.0 Y-10   (move somewhere)

let got: Vec<_> = gcode::parse(src).collect();

assert_eq!(got.len(), 2);

let g90 = &got[0];
assert_eq!(g90.mnemonic(), Mnemonic::General);
assert_eq!(g90.major_number(), 90);
assert_eq!(g90.minor_number(), 0);

let rapid_move = &got[1];
assert_eq!(rapid_move.mnemonic(), Mnemonic::General);
assert_eq!(rapid_move.major_number(), 0);
assert_eq!(rapid_move.value_for('X'), Some(50.0));
assert_eq!(rapid_move.value_for('y'), Some(-10.0));

The full_parse_with_callbacks() function can be used if you want access to Line information and to be notified on any parse errors.

use gcode::{Callbacks, Span};

/// A custom set of [`Callbacks`] we'll use to keep track of errors.
#[derive(Debug, Default)]
struct Errors {
    unexpected_line_number : usize,
    letter_without_number: usize,
    garbage: Vec<String>,

impl Callbacks for Errors {
    fn unknown_content(&mut self, text: &str, _span: Span) {

    fn unexpected_line_number(&mut self, _line_number: f32, _span: Span) {
        self.unexpected_line_number += 1;

    fn letter_without_a_number(&mut self, _value: &str, _span: Span) {
        self.letter_without_number += 1;

let src = r"
    G90 N1           ; Line numbers (N) should be at the start of a line
    G                ; there was a G, but no number
    G01 X50 $$%# Y20 ; invalid characters are ignored

let mut errors = Errors::default();

    let lines: Vec<_> = gcode::full_parse_with_callbacks(src, &mut errors)
    assert_eq!(lines.len(), 3);
    let total_gcodes: usize = lines.iter()
        .map(|line| line.gcodes().len())
    assert_eq!(total_gcodes, 2);

assert_eq!(errors.unexpected_line_number, 1);
assert_eq!(errors.letter_without_number, 1);
assert_eq!(errors.garbage.len(), 1);
assert_eq!(errors.garbage[0], "$$%# ");

Customising Memory Usage

You'll need to manually create a Parser if you want control over buffer sizes instead of relying on buffers::DefaultBuffers.

You shouldn't normally need to do this unless you are on an embedded device and know your expected input will be bigger than buffers::SmallFixedBuffers will allow.

use gcode::{Word, Comment, GCode, Nop, Parser, buffers::Buffers};
use arrayvec::ArrayVec;

/// A type-level variable which contains definitions for each of our buffer
/// types.
enum MyBuffers {}

impl<'input> Buffers<'input> for MyBuffers {
    type Arguments = ArrayVec<[Word; 10]>;
    type Commands = ArrayVec<[GCode<Self::Arguments>; 2]>;
    type Comments = ArrayVec<[Comment<'input>; 1]>;

let src = "G90 G01 X5.1";

let parser: Parser<Nop, MyBuffers> = Parser::new(src, Nop);

let lines = parser.count();
assert_eq!(lines, 1);


Something that distinguishes this crate from a lot of other g-code parsers is that each element's original location, its Span, is retained and passed to the caller.

This is important for applications such as:

  • Indicating where in the source text a parsing error or semantic error has occurred
  • Visually highlighting the command currently being executed when stepping through a program in a simulator
  • Reporting what point a CNC machine is up to when executing a job

It's pretty easy to check whether something contains its Span, just look for a span() method (e.g. GCode::span()) or a span field (e.g. Comment::span).

Cargo Features

Additional functionality can be enabled by adding feature flags to your Cargo.toml file:

  • std: adds std::error::Error impls to any errors and switches to Vec for the default backing buffers
  • serde-1: allows serializing and deserializing most types with serde



Buffer Management.



A comment.


The in-memory representation of a single command in the G-code language (e.g. "G01 X50.0 Y-20.0").


A single line, possibly containing some Comments or GCodes.


A set of callbacks that ignore any errors that occur.


A parser for parsing g-code programs.


A half-open range which indicates the location of something in a body of text.


A char-f32 pair, used for things like arguments (X3.14), command numbers (G90) and line numbers (N10).



The general category for a GCode.



Callbacks used during the parsing process to indicate possible errors.



Parse each Line in some text, using the provided Callbacks when a parse error occurs that we can recover from.


Parse each GCode in some text, ignoring any errors that may occur or Comments that are found.