A Decimal implementation written in pure Rust suitable for financial calculations that require significant integral and fractional digits with no round-off errors.
The binary representation consists of a 96 bit integer number, a scaling factor used to specify the decimal fraction and a 1 bit sign. Because of this representation, trailing zeros are preserved and may be exposed when in string form. These can be truncated using the
Decimal numbers can be created in a few distinct ways, depending on the rust compiler version you're targeting.
The stable version of rust requires you to create a Decimal number using one of it's convenience methods.
use rust_decimal::Decimal; // Using an integer followed by the decimal points let scaled = Decimal::new(202, 2); // 2.02 // From a string representation let from_string = Decimal::from_str("2.02").unwrap(); // 2.02 // Using the `Into` trait let my_int : Decimal = 3i32.into();
With the nightly version of rust you can use a procedural macro using the
rust_decimal_macros crate. The advantage of this method is that the decimal numbers are parsed at compile time.
// Procedural macros need importing directly use rust_decimal_macros::*; let number = dec!(-1.23);