Expand description

Scriptful is a minimalist no_std, zero dependency stack machine for interpreting scripts written with domain specific interpreted languages.

This library is heavily inspired by the Forth programming language and Script (the scripting language in Bitcoin).

General design

The whole library is built around these concepts:

  • Stack: an ordered sequence of values that can be operated in a LIFO-alike way.
  • Item: either a Value (a piece of data to be pushed into the stack) or an Operator (the descriptor for an action that operates on the topmost items in the stack).
  • Type system: an enum whose variants are all the possible data types allowed in a Stack.
  • Operator system: a function that decides how each operator will mutate a given stack.
  • Script: an ordered sequence of items (values and operators) that can be passed to an operator system for operating on a given stack.
  • Machine: a convenient wrapper around a stack that enables multiple modes of operation.
  • Codec: a set of methods for encoding and decoding scripts and items, normally into and from binary formats.

Using this library is as easy as:

  1. Defining your own set of operators, or using any of the ones that come bundled in the op_systems module.
  2. Defining your own type system, or using the Value type system that comes bundled in the core::value module.
  3. Defining your own operator system function, or using any of the ones that come bundled in the op_systems module.
  4. Instantiating a machine with a reference to your operator system.
  5. Composing a script and running it in the machine.

Quick example

use scriptful::prelude::*;
use scriptful::core::value::Value::*;

// You can define your own operators.
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq, Eq)]
enum MyOperator {

// An operator system decides what to do with the stack when each operator is applied on it.
fn my_operator_system(stack: &mut Stack, operator: &MyOperator) {
    match operator {
        MyOperator::Add => {
            let a = stack.pop();
            let b = stack.pop();
            stack.push(a + b);
        MyOperator::Equal => {
            let a = stack.pop();
            let b = stack.pop();
            stack.push(Boolean(a == b));
        MyOperator::Sub => {
            let a = stack.pop();
            let b = stack.pop();
            stack.push(a - b);

// Instantiate the machine with a reference to your operator system.
let mut machine = Machine::new(&my_operator_system);

// Run a script that simply adds 1 and 2.
let result = machine.run_script(&Vec::from([

// The result should unsurprisingly be 3.
assert_eq!(result, Some(&Integer(3)));

Known limitations

  • Beware of unwraps! This is a proof-of-concept and it is modelled to panic upon errors. Making the library safe for production usage is in the near horizon though.


Scriptful is distributed under the terms of both the MIT license and the Apache License (Version 2.0).



Codecs are different ways to encode and decode scripts, normally into and from compact binary formats.

The core of this library.

Some ready-to-use operator systems that may be useful for someone, somewhere, somewhen.

Re-exports the most frequently used parts of this library so that they can be used more conveniently.