[][src]Struct regex::Captures

pub struct Captures<'t> { /* fields omitted */ }

Captures represents a group of captured strings for a single match.

The 0th capture always corresponds to the entire match. Each subsequent index corresponds to the next capture group in the regex. If a capture group is named, then the matched string is also available via the name method. (Note that the 0th capture is always unnamed and so must be accessed with the get method.)

Positions returned from a capture group are always byte indices.

't is the lifetime of the matched text.

Methods

impl<'t> Captures<'t>
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Returns the match associated with the capture group at index i. If i does not correspond to a capture group, or if the capture group did not participate in the match, then None is returned.

Examples

Get the text of the match with a default of an empty string if this group didn't participate in the match:

let re = Regex::new(r"[a-z]+(?:([0-9]+)|([A-Z]+))").unwrap();
let caps = re.captures("abc123").unwrap();

let text1 = caps.get(1).map_or("", |m| m.as_str());
let text2 = caps.get(2).map_or("", |m| m.as_str());
assert_eq!(text1, "123");
assert_eq!(text2, "");

Returns the match for the capture group named name. If name isn't a valid capture group or didn't match anything, then None is returned.

Important traits for SubCaptureMatches<'c, 't>

An iterator that yields all capturing matches in the order in which they appear in the regex. If a particular capture group didn't participate in the match, then None is yielded for that capture.

The first match always corresponds to the overall match of the regex.

Expands all instances of $name in replacement to the corresponding capture group name, and writes them to the dst buffer given.

name may be an integer corresponding to the index of the capture group (counted by order of opening parenthesis where 0 is the entire match) or it can be a name (consisting of letters, digits or underscores) corresponding to a named capture group.

If name isn't a valid capture group (whether the name doesn't exist or isn't a valid index), then it is replaced with the empty string.

The longest possible name is used. e.g., $1a looks up the capture group named 1a and not the capture group at index 1. To exert more precise control over the name, use braces, e.g., ${1}a.

To write a literal $ use $$.

Returns the number of captured groups.

This is always at least 1, since every regex has at least one capture group that corresponds to the full match.

Trait Implementations

impl<'t> Debug for Captures<'t>
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Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl<'t> Index<usize> for Captures<'t>
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Get a group by index.

't is the lifetime of the matched text.

The text can't outlive the Captures object if this method is used, because of how Index is defined (normally a[i] is part of a and can't outlive it); to do that, use get() instead.

Panics

If there is no group at the given index.

The returned type after indexing.

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation.

impl<'t, 'i> Index<&'i str> for Captures<'t>
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Get a group by name.

't is the lifetime of the matched text and 'i is the lifetime of the group name (the index).

The text can't outlive the Captures object if this method is used, because of how Index is defined (normally a[i] is part of a and can't outlive it); to do that, use name instead.

Panics

If there is no group named by the given value.

The returned type after indexing.

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation.

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<'t> Send for Captures<'t>

impl<'t> Sync for Captures<'t>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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Performs the conversion.

impl<T> From for T
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Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (get_type_id)

this method will likely be replaced by an associated static

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more