[][src]Struct hyper::Request

pub struct Request<T> { /* fields omitted */ }

Represents an HTTP request.

An HTTP request consists of a head and a potentially optional body. The body component is generic, enabling arbitrary types to represent the HTTP body. For example, the body could be Vec<u8>, a Stream of byte chunks, or a value that has been deserialized.

Examples

Creating a Request to send

use http::{Request, Response};

let mut request = Request::builder();
request.uri("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
       .header("User-Agent", "my-awesome-agent/1.0");

if needs_awesome_header() {
    request.header("Awesome", "yes");
}

let response = send(request.body(()).unwrap());

fn send(req: Request<()>) -> Response<()> {
    // ...
}

Inspecting a request to see what was sent.

use http::{Request, Response, StatusCode};

fn respond_to(req: Request<()>) -> http::Result<Response<()>> {
    if req.uri() != "/awesome-url" {
        return Response::builder()
            .status(StatusCode::NOT_FOUND)
            .body(())
    }

    let has_awesome_header = req.headers().contains_key("Awesome");
    let body = req.body();

    // ...
}

Deserialize a request of bytes via json:

use http::Request;
use serde::de;

fn deserialize<T>(req: Request<Vec<u8>>) -> serde_json::Result<Request<T>>
    where for<'de> T: de::Deserialize<'de>,
{
    let (parts, body) = req.into_parts();
    let body = serde_json::from_slice(&body)?;
    Ok(Request::from_parts(parts, body))
}

Or alternatively, serialize the body of a request to json

use http::Request;
use serde::ser;

fn serialize<T>(req: Request<T>) -> serde_json::Result<Request<Vec<u8>>>
    where T: ser::Serialize,
{
    let (parts, body) = req.into_parts();
    let body = serde_json::to_vec(&body)?;
    Ok(Request::from_parts(parts, body))
}

Methods

impl Request<()>[src]

pub fn builder() -> Builder[src]

Creates a new builder-style object to manufacture a Request

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Examples

let request = Request::builder()
    .method("GET")
    .uri("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .header("X-Custom-Foo", "Bar")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn get<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a GET method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::get("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn put<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a PUT method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::put("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn post<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a POST method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::post("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn delete<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a DELETE method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::delete("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn options<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with an OPTIONS method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::options("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn head<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a HEAD method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::head("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn connect<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a CONNECT method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::connect("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn patch<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a PATCH method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::patch("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

pub fn trace<T>(uri: T) -> Builder where
    Uri: HttpTryFrom<T>, 
[src]

Creates a new Builder initialized with a TRACE method and the given URI.

This method returns an instance of Builder which can be used to create a Request.

Example

let request = Request::trace("https://www.rust-lang.org/")
    .body(())
    .unwrap();

impl<T> Request<T>[src]

pub fn new(body: T) -> Request<T>[src]

Creates a new blank Request with the body

The component parts of this request will be set to their default, e.g. the GET method, no headers, etc.

Examples

let request = Request::new("hello world");

assert_eq!(*request.method(), Method::GET);
assert_eq!(*request.body(), "hello world");

pub fn from_parts(parts: Parts, body: T) -> Request<T>[src]

Creates a new Request with the given components parts and body.

Examples

let request = Request::new("hello world");
let (mut parts, body) = request.into_parts();
parts.method = Method::POST;

let request = Request::from_parts(parts, body);

pub fn method(&self) -> &Method[src]

Returns a reference to the associated HTTP method.

Examples

let request: Request<()> = Request::default();
assert_eq!(*request.method(), Method::GET);

pub fn method_mut(&mut self) -> &mut Method[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated HTTP method.

Examples

let mut request: Request<()> = Request::default();
*request.method_mut() = Method::PUT;
assert_eq!(*request.method(), Method::PUT);

pub fn uri(&self) -> &Uri[src]

Returns a reference to the associated URI.

Examples

let request: Request<()> = Request::default();
assert_eq!(*request.uri(), *"/");

pub fn uri_mut(&mut self) -> &mut Uri[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated URI.

Examples

let mut request: Request<()> = Request::default();
*request.uri_mut() = "/hello".parse().unwrap();
assert_eq!(*request.uri(), *"/hello");

pub fn version(&self) -> Version[src]

Returns the associated version.

Examples

let request: Request<()> = Request::default();
assert_eq!(request.version(), Version::HTTP_11);

pub fn version_mut(&mut self) -> &mut Version[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated version.

Examples

let mut request: Request<()> = Request::default();
*request.version_mut() = Version::HTTP_2;
assert_eq!(request.version(), Version::HTTP_2);

pub fn headers(&self) -> &HeaderMap<HeaderValue>[src]

Returns a reference to the associated header field map.

Examples

let request: Request<()> = Request::default();
assert!(request.headers().is_empty());

pub fn headers_mut(&mut self) -> &mut HeaderMap<HeaderValue>[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated header field map.

Examples

let mut request: Request<()> = Request::default();
request.headers_mut().insert(HOST, HeaderValue::from_static("world"));
assert!(!request.headers().is_empty());

pub fn extensions(&self) -> &Extensions[src]

Returns a reference to the associated extensions.

Examples

let request: Request<()> = Request::default();
assert!(request.extensions().get::<i32>().is_none());

pub fn extensions_mut(&mut self) -> &mut Extensions[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated extensions.

Examples

let mut request: Request<()> = Request::default();
request.extensions_mut().insert("hello");
assert_eq!(request.extensions().get(), Some(&"hello"));

pub fn body(&self) -> &T[src]

Returns a reference to the associated HTTP body.

Examples

let request: Request<String> = Request::default();
assert!(request.body().is_empty());

pub fn body_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T[src]

Returns a mutable reference to the associated HTTP body.

Examples

let mut request: Request<String> = Request::default();
request.body_mut().push_str("hello world");
assert!(!request.body().is_empty());

pub fn into_body(self) -> T[src]

Consumes the request, returning just the body.

Examples

let request = Request::new(10);
let body = request.into_body();
assert_eq!(body, 10);

pub fn into_parts(self) -> (Parts, T)[src]

Consumes the request returning the head and body parts.

Examples

let request = Request::new(());
let (parts, body) = request.into_parts();
assert_eq!(parts.method, Method::GET);

pub fn map<F, U>(self, f: F) -> Request<U> where
    F: FnOnce(T) -> U, 
[src]

Consumes the request returning a new request with body mapped to the return type of the passed in function.

Examples

let request = Request::builder().body("some string").unwrap();
let mapped_request: Request<&[u8]> = request.map(|b| {
  assert_eq!(b, "some string");
  b.as_bytes()
});
assert_eq!(mapped_request.body(), &"some string".as_bytes());

Trait Implementations

impl<T> Default for Request<T> where
    T: Default
[src]

impl<T> Debug for Request<T> where
    T: Debug
[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<T> Unpin for Request<T> where
    T: Unpin

impl<T> Sync for Request<T> where
    T: Sync

impl<T> Send for Request<T> where
    T: Send

impl<T> !RefUnwindSafe for Request<T>

impl<T> !UnwindSafe for Request<T>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Erased for T