yago 4.0.0

RDFS knowledge base, collection of facts based on Wikidata
yago-4.0.0 is not a library.

YAGO 4 (Pipeline)

actions status [crates.io version4 docs.rs dependency status GNU GPLv3

What is YAGO?

YAGO 4 is a RDFS knowledge base. It is a collection of facts - based on Wikidata - each of which consists of a subject, a predicate, and an object — as in yago:Elvis_Presley rdf:type schema:Person.

YAGO puts each entity into at least one class. The classes form a taxonomy, where the higher classes are taken from schema.org (and bioschemas.org), and the lower classes are a selection of classes from Wikidata. The highest class is schema:Thing.

This is the pipeline to run YAGO 4. It allows to build YAGO 4 from a Wikidata dump. This pipeline is described in details in the "YAGO 4: A Reason-able Knowledge Base" paper.

How to run

To install and compile it you need to have installed Clang, Rust and Cargo.

  • Ubuntu/Debian: apt-get install cargo clang
  • Arch: pacman -S rust clang
  • Windows: cargo install yago
  • General: cargo install yago

Then you need to download a full Wikidata dump in the N-Triples format compressed using GZip. The latest is available at https://dumps.wikimedia.org/other/wikibase/wikidatawiki/latest-all.nt.gz (115GB as of December 2019).

Then you need to make the pipeline preprocess the file in order to feed the pipeline. It could be done by running in the root directory of the code:

cargo run --release -- -c wd-preprocessed.db partition -f latest-all.nt.gz

where preprocessed.db is the directory where the preprocessed data are going to be stored (beware, it takes 300GB as of December 2019) and latest-all.nt.gz the downloaded Wikidata dump. This process should take around a night if you use an SSD.

When it's done you could build YAGO 4 itself with:

cargo run --release -- -c wd-preprocessed.db build -o yago4 --full

where yago4 is the output directory when YAGO 4 is going to be written and --full the option to build the full YAGO 4. If you want to only build YAGO 4 with entities with a Wikipedia article use --all-wikis instead and --en-wiki to include only the entities with an English Wikipedia article. The process should take a few hours.

How to contribute

The source code of YAGO 4 pipeline is written in Rust.

The source code is split in multiple files:

  • main.rs: The program entry point, parses the command line arguments
  • model.rs: Data structures to represent efficiently RDF data in memory
  • multimap.rs: A Multimap implementation.
  • partitioned_statements.rs: Indexes the Wikidata dump into RocksDB and allow to query it efficiently.
  • plan.rs: The actual building plan for YAGO 4.
  • schema.rs: Reads schema.org data and SHACL shapes. Used by the pipeline.
  • vocab.rs: Useful URIs for the program.

Multiple data files are used:

  • data/schema.ttl: Official Turtle definition of schema.org from https://schema.org/version/latest/all-layers.ttl
  • data/bioschemas.ttl Turtle definitions of biochemas.
  • data/shapes.ttl: Shapes definitions and mapping from Wikidata.
  • data/shapes-bio.ttl: Shapes definitions and mapping from Wikidata for bioschemas.


  • To format your source code please, use cargo fmt.
  • cargo clippy is a very powerful linter.


Copyright (C) 2019-2020 YAGO 4 contributors.

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see https://www.gnu.org/licenses/.


If you use this software for an academic publication, please cite:

  author    = {Pellissier Tanon, Thomas and Weikum, Gerhard and Suchanek, Fabian M.},
  title     = {{YAGO} 4: {A} Reason-able Knowledge Base},
  booktitle = {The Semantic Web - 17th International Conference, {ESWC} 2020, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 31-June 4, 2020, Proceedings},
  series    = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
  volume    = {12123},
  pages     = {583--596},
  publisher = {Springer},
  year      = {2020},
  url       = {https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49461-2_34},
  doi       = {10.1007/978-3-030-49461-2_34}