regex 0.1.51

An implementation of regular expressions for Rust. This implementation uses finite automata and guarantees linear time matching on all inputs.

regex

A Rust library for parsing, compiling, and executing regular expressions. This particular implementation of regular expressions guarantees execution in linear time with respect to the size of the regular expression and search text by using finite automata. In particular, it makes use of both NFAs and DFAs when matching. Much of the syntax and implementation is inspired by RE2.

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Documentation

Module documentation with examples. The module documentation also include a comprehensive description of the syntax supported.

Documentation with examples for the various matching functions and iterators can be found on the Regex type.

Usage

Add this to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
regex = "0.1"

and this to your crate root:

extern crate regex;

Here's a simple example that matches a date in YYYY-MM-DD format and prints the year, month and day:

extern crate regex;

use regex::Regex;

fn main() {
    let re = Regex::new(r"(?x)
(?P<year>\d{4})  # the year
-
(?P<month>\d{2}) # the month
-
(?P<day>\d{2})   # the day
").unwrap();
    let caps = re.captures("2010-03-14").unwrap();

    assert_eq!("2010", caps.name("year").unwrap());
    assert_eq!("03", caps.name("month").unwrap());
    assert_eq!("14", caps.name("day").unwrap());
}

If you have lots of dates in text that you'd like to iterate over, then it's easy to adapt the above example with an iterator:

extern crate regex;

use regex::Regex;

const TO_SEARCH: &'static str = "
On 2010-03-14, foo happened. On 2014-10-14, bar happened.
";

fn main() {
    let re = Regex::new(r"(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})").unwrap();

    for caps in re.captures_iter(TO_SEARCH) {
        // Note that all of the unwraps are actually OK for this regex
        // because the only way for the regex to match is if all of the
        // capture groups match. This is not true in general though!
        println!("year: {}, month: {}, day: {}",
                 caps.at(1).unwrap(),
                 caps.at(2).unwrap(),
                 caps.at(3).unwrap());
    }
}

This example outputs:

year: 2010, month: 03, day: 14
year: 2014, month: 10, day: 14

Usage: Avoid compiling the same regex in a loop

It is an anti-pattern to compile the same regular expression in a loop since compilation is typically expensive. (It takes anywhere from a few microseconds to a few milliseconds depending on the size of the regex.) Not only is compilation itself expensive, but this also prevents optimizations that reuse allocations internally to the matching engines.

In Rust, it can sometimes be a pain to pass regular expressions around if they're used from inside a helper function. Instead, we recommend using the lazy_static crate to ensure that regular expressions are compiled exactly once.

For example:

#[macro_use] extern crate lazy_static;
extern crate regex;

use regex::Regex;

fn some_helper_function(text: &str) -> bool {
    lazy_static! {
        static ref RE: Regex = Regex::new("...").unwrap();
    }
    RE.is_match(text)
}

Specifically, in this example, the regex will be compiled when it is used for the first time. On subsequent uses, it will reuse the previous compilation.

Usage: regex! compiler plugin

The regex! compiler plugin will compile your regexes at compile time. This only works with a nightly compiler. The documentation explains the trade offs.

Here is a small example:

#![feature(plugin)]

#![plugin(regex_macros)]
extern crate regex;

fn main() {
    let re = regex!(r"(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})");
    let caps = re.captures("2010-03-14").unwrap();

    assert_eq!("2010", caps.at(1).unwrap());
    assert_eq!("03", caps.at(2).unwrap());
    assert_eq!("14", caps.at(3).unwrap());
}

Notice that we never unwrap the result of regex!. This is because your program won't compile if the regex doesn't compile. (Try regex!("(").)

Due to recent optimizations in the regex crate, the normal "dynamic" regex created via Regex::new(...) is faster in almost all cases than regex!(...). In theory, this should be temporary, but the path to fixing it isn't quite clear yet.

Usage: a regular expression parser

This repository contains a crate that provides a well tested regular expression parser and abstract syntax. It provides no facilities for compilation or execution. This may be useful if you're implementing your own regex engine or otherwise need to do analysis on the syntax of a regular expression. It is otherwise not recommended for general use.

Documentation for regex-syntax with examples.

License

regex is primarily distributed under the terms of both the MIT license and the Apache License (Version 2.0), with portions covered by various BSD-like licenses.

See LICENSE-APACHE, and LICENSE-MIT for details.