[][src]Struct actix_web::App

pub struct App<S = ()> { /* fields omitted */ }

Structure that follows the builder pattern for building application instances.

Methods

impl App<()>
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Create application with empty state. Application can be configured with a builder-like pattern.

impl<S> App<S> where
    S: 'static, 
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Create application with specified state. Application can be configured with a builder-like pattern.

State is shared with all resources within same application and could be accessed with HttpRequest::state() method.

Note: http server accepts an application factory rather than an application instance. Http server constructs an application instance for each thread, thus application state must be constructed multiple times. If you want to share state between different threads, a shared object should be used, e.g. Arc. Application state does not need to be Send or Sync.

Get reference to the application state

Set application prefix.

Only requests that match the application's prefix get processed by this application.

The application prefix always contains a leading slash (/). If the supplied prefix does not contain leading slash, it is inserted.

Prefix should consist of valid path segments. i.e for an application with the prefix /app any request with the paths /app, /app/ or /app/test would match, but the path /application would not.

In the following example only requests with an /app/ path prefix get handled. Requests with path /app/test/ would be handled, while requests with the paths /application or /other/... would return NOT FOUND. It is also possible to handle /app path, to do this you can register resource for empty string ""

use actix_web::{http, App, HttpResponse};

fn main() {
    let app = App::new()
        .prefix("/app")
        .resource("", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok()))  // <- handle `/app` path
        .resource("/", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok())) // <- handle `/app/` path
        .resource("/test", |r| {
            r.get().f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok());
            r.head().f(|_| HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed());
        })
        .finish();
}

Add match predicate to application.

App::new()
    .filter(pred::Host("www.rust-lang.org"))
    .resource("/path", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok()))

Configure route for a specific path.

This is a simplified version of the App::resource() method. Handler functions need to accept one request extractor argument.

This method could be called multiple times, in that case multiple routes would be registered for same resource path.

use actix_web::{http, App, HttpRequest, HttpResponse};

fn main() {
    let app = App::new()
        .route("/test", http::Method::GET, |_: HttpRequest| {
            HttpResponse::Ok()
        })
        .route("/test", http::Method::POST, |_: HttpRequest| {
            HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed()
        });
}

Configure scope for common root path.

Scopes collect multiple paths under a common path prefix. Scope path can contain variable path segments as resources.

use actix_web::{http, App, HttpRequest, HttpResponse};

fn main() {
    let app = App::new().scope("/{project_id}", |scope| {
        scope
            .resource("/path1", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok()))
            .resource("/path2", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok()))
            .resource("/path3", |r| r.f(|_| HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed()))
    });
}

In the above example, three routes get added:

  • /{project_id}/path1
  • /{project_id}/path2
  • /{project_id}/path3

Configure resource for a specific path.

Resources may have variable path segments. For example, a resource with the path /a/{name}/c would match all incoming requests with paths such as /a/b/c, /a/1/c, or /a/etc/c.

A variable segment is specified in the form {identifier}, where the identifier can be used later in a request handler to access the matched value for that segment. This is done by looking up the identifier in the Params object returned by HttpRequest.match_info() method.

By default, each segment matches the regular expression [^{}/]+.

You can also specify a custom regex in the form {identifier:regex}:

For instance, to route GET-requests on any route matching /users/{userid}/{friend} and store userid and friend in the exposed Params object:

use actix_web::{http, App, HttpResponse};

fn main() {
    let app = App::new().resource("/users/{userid}/{friend}", |r| {
        r.get().f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok());
        r.head().f(|_| HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed());
    });
}

Default resource to be used if no matching route could be found.

Set default content encoding. ContentEncoding::Auto is set by default.

Register an external resource.

External resources are useful for URL generation purposes only and are never considered for matching at request time. Calls to HttpRequest::url_for() will work as expected.

use actix_web::{App, HttpRequest, HttpResponse, Result};

fn index(req: &HttpRequest) -> Result<HttpResponse> {
    let url = req.url_for("youtube", &["oHg5SJYRHA0"])?;
    assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://youtube.com/watch/oHg5SJYRHA0");
    Ok(HttpResponse::Ok().into())
}

fn main() {
    let app = App::new()
        .resource("/index.html", |r| r.get().f(index))
        .external_resource("youtube", "https://youtube.com/watch/{video_id}")
        .finish();
}

Configure handler for specific path prefix.

A path prefix consists of valid path segments, i.e for the prefix /app any request with the paths /app, /app/ or /app/test would match, but the path /application would not.

Path tail is available as tail parameter in request's match_dict.

use actix_web::{http, App, HttpRequest, HttpResponse};

fn main() {
    let app = App::new().handler("/app", |req: &HttpRequest| match *req.method() {
        http::Method::GET => HttpResponse::Ok(),
        http::Method::POST => HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed(),
        _ => HttpResponse::NotFound(),
    });
}

Register a middleware.

Run external configuration as part of the application building process

This function is useful for moving parts of configuration to a different module or event library. For example we can move some of the resources' configuration to different module.

use actix_web::{fs, middleware, App, HttpResponse};

// this function could be located in different module
fn config(app: App) -> App {
    app.resource("/test", |r| {
        r.get().f(|_| HttpResponse::Ok());
        r.head().f(|_| HttpResponse::MethodNotAllowed());
    })
}

fn main() {
    let app = App::new()
        .middleware(middleware::Logger::default())
        .configure(config)  // <- register resources
        .handler("/static", fs::StaticFiles::new(".").unwrap());
}

Finish application configuration and create HttpHandler object.

Convenience method for creating Box<HttpHandler> instances.

This method is useful if you need to register multiple application instances with different state.

use actix_web::{server, App, HttpResponse};

struct State1;

struct State2;

fn main() {
    server::new(|| {
        vec![
            App::with_state(State1)
                .prefix("/app1")
                .resource("/", |r| r.f(|r| HttpResponse::Ok()))
                .boxed(),
            App::with_state(State2)
                .prefix("/app2")
                .resource("/", |r| r.f(|r| HttpResponse::Ok()))
                .boxed(),
        ]
    }).bind("127.0.0.1:8080")
        .unwrap()
        .run()
}

Trait Implementations

impl<S: 'static> IntoHttpHandler for App<S>
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The associated type which is result of conversion.

impl<'a, S: 'static> IntoHttpHandler for &'a mut App<S>
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The associated type which is result of conversion.

impl Default for App<()>
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Auto Trait Implementations

impl<S = ()> !Send for App<S>

impl<S = ()> !Sync for App<S>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> From for T
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impl<I> IntoIterator for I where
    I: Iterator
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The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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impl<I> IteratorRandom for I where
    I: Iterator
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Choose one element at random from the iterator. If you have a slice, it's significantly faster to call the [choose] or [choose_mut] functions using the slice instead. Read more

Collects amount values at random from the iterator into a supplied buffer. Read more

Collects amount values at random from the iterator into a vector. Read more

impl<T> Erased for T