[][src]Crate trace

A procedural macro for tracing the execution of functions.

Adding #[trace] to the top of any function will insert println! statements at the beginning and the end of that function, notifying you of when that function was entered and exited and printing the argument and return values. This is useful for quickly debugging whether functions that are supposed to be called are actually called without manually inserting print statements.

Note that this macro requires all arguments to the function and the return value to have types that implement Debug. You can disable the printing of certain arguments if necessary.

You can also add #[trace] to impls and mods to enable tracing for all functions in the impl or mod. If you use #[trace] on a mod or impl as well as on a method or function inside one of those elements, then only the outermost #[trace] is used.

#[trace] takes a few optional arguments that configure things like the prefixes to use, enabling/disabling particular arguments or functions, and more. See the documentation for details.


See the examples in examples/. You can run the following example with cargo run --example example_prefix.

use trace::trace;


fn main() {
    foo(1, 2);

fn foo(a: i32, b: i32) {
    println!("I'm in foo!");
    bar((a, b));

#[trace(prefix_enter="[ENTER]", prefix_exit="[EXIT]")]
fn bar((a, b): (i32, i32)) -> i32 {
    println!("I'm in bar!");
    if a == 1 {
    } else {


[+] Entering foo(a = 1, b = 2)
I'm in foo!
 [ENTER] Entering bar(a = 1, b = 2)
I'm in bar!
 [EXIT] Exiting bar = 2
[-] Exiting foo = ()

Note the convenience trace::init_depth_var!() macro which declares and initializes the thread-local DEPTH variable that is used for indenting the output. Calling trace::init_depth_var!() is equivalent to writing:

use std::cell::Cell;

thread_local! {
    static DEPTH: Cell<usize> = Cell::new(0);

The only time it can be omitted is when #[trace] is applied to mods as it's defined for you automatically (see examples/example_mod.rs). Note that the DEPTH variable isn't shared between mods, so indentation won't be perfect when tracing functions in multiple mods. Also note that using trace as an inner attribute (#![trace]) is not supported at this time.



A convenience macro for declaring the DEPTH variable used for indenting the output

Attribute Macros


Enables tracing the execution of functions