Crate static_files_module

source ·
Expand description

§Static Files Module for Pingora

This crate allows extending Pingora Proxy with the capability to serve static files from a directory.

§Supported functionality

  • GET and HEAD requests
  • Configurable directory index files (index.html by default)
  • Page configurable to display on 404 Not Found errors instead of the standard error page
  • Conditional requests via If-Modified-Since, If-Unmodified-Since, If-Match, If-None match HTTP headers
  • Byte range requests via Range and If-Range HTTP headers
  • Compression support: serving pre-compressed versions of the files (gzip, zlib deflate, compress, Brotli, Zstandard algorithms supported)
  • Compression support: dynamic compression via Pingora (currently gzip, Brotli and Zstandard algorithms supported)

§Known limitations

  • Requests with multiple byte ranges are not supported and will result in the full file being returned. The complexity required for implementing this feature isn’t worth this rare use case.
  • Zero-copy data transfer (a.k.a. sendfile) cannot currently be supported within the Pingora framework.

§Code example

You will typically create a StaticFilesHandler instance and call it during the request_filter stage. If called unconditionally it will handle all requests so that subsequent stages won’t be reached at all.

use async_trait::async_trait;
use pingora_core::Result;
use pingora_core::upstreams::peer::HttpPeer;
use pingora_proxy::{ProxyHttp, Session};
use module_utils::RequestFilter;
use static_files_module::StaticFilesHandler;

pub struct MyServer {
    static_files_handler: StaticFilesHandler,

impl ProxyHttp for MyServer {
    type CTX = <StaticFilesHandler as RequestFilter>::CTX;
    fn new_ctx(&self) -> Self::CTX {

    async fn request_filter(
        session: &mut Session,
        ctx: &mut Self::CTX
    ) -> Result<bool> {
        self.static_files_handler.handle(session, ctx).await

    async fn upstream_peer(
        _session: &mut Session,
        _ctx: &mut Self::CTX,
    ) -> Result<Box<HttpPeer>> {
        panic!("Unexpected, upstream_peer stage reached");

You can create a StaticFilesHandler instance by specifying its configuration directly:

use static_files_module::{StaticFilesConf, StaticFilesHandler};

let conf = StaticFilesConf {
    root: Some("/var/www/html".into()),
let static_files_handler: StaticFilesHandler = conf.try_into().unwrap();

It is also possible to create a configuration from command line options and a configuration file, extending the default Pingora data structures. The macros module_utils::merge_opt and module_utils::merge_conf help merging command line options and configuration structures respectively, and module_utils::FromYaml trait helps reading the configuration file.

use log::error;
use pingora_core::server::configuration::{Opt as ServerOpt, ServerConf};
use pingora_core::server::Server;
use module_utils::{FromYaml, merge_opt, merge_conf};
use serde::Deserialize;
use static_files_module::{StaticFilesConf, StaticFilesHandler, StaticFilesOpt};
use std::fs::File;
use std::io::BufReader;
use structopt::StructOpt;

// The command line flags from both structures are merged, so that the user doesn't need to
// care which structure they belong to.
struct MyServerOpt {
    server: ServerOpt,
    static_files: StaticFilesOpt,

// The configuration settings from both structures are merged, so that the user doesn't need to
// care which structure they belong to.
struct MyServerConf {
    server: ServerConf,
    static_files: StaticFilesConf,

let opt = MyServerOpt::from_args();
let conf = opt
    .and_then(|path| MyServerConf::load_from_yaml(path).ok())

let mut server = Server::new_with_opt_and_conf(opt.server, conf.server);

let mut static_files_conf = conf.static_files;
let static_files_handler: StaticFilesHandler = static_files_conf.try_into().unwrap();

For complete and more comprehensive code see single-static-root example in the repository.

§Compression support

You can activate support for selected compression algorithms via the precompressed configuration setting:

use static_files_module::{CompressionAlgorithm, StaticFilesConf};

let conf = StaticFilesConf {
    root: Some("/var/www/html".into()),
    precompressed: vec![CompressionAlgorithm::Gzip, CompressionAlgorithm::Brotli],

This will make StaticFilesHandler look for gzip (.gz) and Brotli (.br) versions of the requested files and serve these pre-compressed files if supported by the client. For example, a client requesting file.txt and sending HTTP header Accept-Encoding: br, gzip will receive file or, if not found, file.txt.gz file. The order in which StaticFilesHandler will look for pre-compressed files is determined by the client’s compression algorithm preferences.

It is also possible to compress files dynamically on the fly via Pingora’s downstream compression. For that, activate compression for the session before calling StaticFilesHandler:

async fn request_filter(
    session: &mut Session,
    ctx: &mut Self::CTX
) -> Result<bool> {
    self.static_files_handler.handle(session, ctx).await


  • File metadata handling
  • Path resolution logic
  • Byte range processing (Range HTTP header)