[][src]Crate refinement

Convenient creation of type-safe refinement types.

This crate tries to capture the idea of a refinement type, which is a type endowed with a predicate which is assumed to hold for any element of the refined type.1

Refinement types are useful when only certain values of a type are expected at runtime. As an example, suppose there's a function that only logically works on even integers.

fn takes_even(i: i32) {
    if i % 2 == 0 {
        println!("Received even number {}", i);
    } else {
        panic!("Received odd number");

takes_even(1);  // oops

Using a refinement type, this function may be defined in a way where it is impossible to supply an odd number.

use refinement::{Refinement, Predicate};

struct Even;

impl Predicate<i32> for Even {
    fn test(x: &i32) -> bool {
        *x % 2 == 0

type EvenInt = Refinement<i32, Even>;

fn takes_even(i: EvenInt) {
    println!("Received even number {}", i);

match EvenInt::new(4) {
    Some(x) => takes_even(x),  // "Received even number 4"
    None => { /* ... */ }      // Handle logical error

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refinement_type 



A Refinement type ensures all values of a particular type satisfy a Predicate.



A Predicate tests if a value satisfies a particular refinement type.