[][src]Struct ratelimit_meter::algorithms::gcra::GCRA

pub struct GCRA { /* fields omitted */ }

Implements the virtual scheduling description of the Generic Cell Rate Algorithm, attributed to ITU-T in recommendation I.371 Traffic control and congestion control in B-ISDN; from Wikipedia.

While algorithms like leaky-bucket rate limiters allow cells to be distributed across time in any way, GCRA is a rate-limiting and traffic-shaping algorithm. It mandates that a minimum amount of time passes between cells being measured. For example, if your API mandates that only 20 requests can be made per second, GCRA will ensure that each request is at least 50ms apart from the previous request. This makes GCRA suitable for shaping traffic in networking and telecom equipment (it was initially made for asynchronous transfer mode networks), or for outgoing workloads on consumers of attention, e.g. distributing outgoing emails across a day.

A note about batch decisions

In a blatant side-stepping of the above traffic-shaping criteria, this implementation of GCRA comes with an extension that allows measuring multiple cells at once, assuming that if a pause of n*(the minimum time between cells) has passed, we can allow a single big batch of n cells through. This assumption may not be correct for your application, but if you depend on GCRA's traffic-shaping properties, it's better to not use the _n suffixed check functions.


In this example, we construct a rate-limiter with the GCR algorithm that can accommodate 20 cells per second. This translates to the GCRA parameters τ=1s, T=50ms (that's 1s / 20 cells).

let mut limiter = DirectRateLimiter::<GCRA>::per_second(nonzero!(20u32));
let now = Instant::now();
let ms = Duration::from_millis(1);
assert_eq!(Ok(()), limiter.check_at(now)); // the first cell is free
for i in 0..20 {
    // Spam a lot:
    assert!(limiter.check_at(now).is_ok(), "at {}", i);
// We have exceeded the bucket capacity:

// After a sufficient time period, cells are allowed again:
assert_eq!(Ok(()), limiter.check_at(now + ms*50));

Trait Implementations

impl Algorithm for GCRA

The state of a single rate limiting bucket. Read more

The type returned when a rate limiting decision for a single cell is negative. Each rate limiting algorithm can decide to return the type that suits it best, but most algorithms' decisions also implement NonConformance, to ease handling of how long to wait. Read more

Constructs a rate limiter with the given parameters: capacity is the number of cells to allow, weighing cell_weight, every per_time_unit. Read more

Tests if a single cell can be accommodated by the rate-limiter. This is a threadsafe implementation of the method described directly in the GCRA algorithm.

Tests if n cells can be accommodated by the rate-limiter and updates rate limiter state iff they can be.

As this method is an extension of GCRA (using multiplication), it is likely not as fast (and not as obviously "right") as the single-cell variant.

impl RateLimitState<GCRA> for State

Returns the last time instant that the state had any relevance (i.e. the rate limiter would behave exactly as if it was a new rate limiter after this time). Read more

impl Clone for GCRA

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl Debug for GCRA

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

impl Send for GCRA

impl Sync for GCRA

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> From for T

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (get_type_id)

this method will likely be replaced by an associated static

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> Erased for T