Crate nalgebra_numpy[][src]

This crate provides conversion between nalgebra and numpy. It is intended to be used when you want to share nalgebra matrices between Python and Rust code, for example with inline-python.

Conversion from numpy to nalgebra.

It is possible to create either a view or a copy of a numpy array. You can use matrix_from_numpy to copy the data into a new matrix, or one of matrix_slice_from_numpy or matrix_slice_mut_from_numpy to create a view. If a numpy array is not compatible with the requested matrix type, an error is returned.

Keep in mind though that the borrow checker can not enforce rules on data managed by a Python object. You could potentially keep an immutable view around in Rust, and then modify the data from Python. For this reason, creating any view -- even an immutable one -- is unsafe.

Conversion from nalgebra to numpy.

A nalgebra matrix can also be converted to a numpy array, using matrix_to_numpy. This function always creates a copy. Since all nalgebra arrays can be represented as a numpy array, this directly returns a pyo3::PyObject rather than a Result.


Copy a numpy array to a new fixed size matrix:

use inline_python::{Context, python};
use nalgebra_numpy::{matrix_from_numpy};

let gil = pyo3::Python::acquire_gil();
let context = Context::new_with_gil(gil.python());! {
    import numpy as np
    matrix = np.array([
        [1.0, 2.0, 3.0],
        [4.0, 5.0, 6.0],
        [7.0, 8.0, 9.0],

let matrix = context.globals(gil.python()).get_item("matrix").unwrap();
let matrix : nalgebra::Matrix3<f64> = matrix_from_numpy(gil.python(), matrix)?;

assert_eq!(matrix, nalgebra::Matrix3::new(
    1.0, 2.0, 3.0,
    4.0, 5.0, 6.0,
    7.0, 8.0, 9.0,

Dynamic matrices are also supported:

use nalgebra::DMatrix;

let matrix : DMatrix<f64> = matrix_from_numpy(gil.python(), matrix)?;
assert_eq!(matrix, DMatrix::from_row_slice(3, 3, &[
    1.0, 2.0, 3.0,
    4.0, 5.0, 6.0,
    7.0, 8.0, 9.0,

And so are partially dynamic matrices:

use nalgebra::{MatrixMN, Dynamic, U3};

let matrix : MatrixMN<f64, U3, Dynamic> = matrix_from_numpy(gil.python(), matrix)?;
assert_eq!(matrix, MatrixMN::<f64, U3, Dynamic>::from_row_slice(&[
    1.0, 2.0, 3.0,
    4.0, 5.0, 6.0,
    7.0, 8.0, 9.0,

A conversion to python object looks as follows:

use nalgebra_numpy::matrix_to_numpy;
use nalgebra::Matrix3;
use inline_python::python;

let gil = pyo3::Python::acquire_gil();
let matrix = matrix_to_numpy(gil.python(), &Matrix3::<i32>::new(
    0, 1, 2,
    3, 4, 5,
    6, 7, 8,

python! {
    from numpy import array_equal
    assert array_equal('matrix, [
        [0, 1, 2],
        [3, 4, 5],
        [6, 7, 8],



Error indicating that the input array is not compatible with the requested nalgebra matrix.


Compile-time shape of a matrix used in errors.


Error indicating that the input array is not properly aligned.


Error indicating that the Python object is not a numpy.ndarray.



Compile-time matrix dimension used in errors.


Error that can occur when converting from Python to a nalgebra matrix.



Create an owning nalgebra matrix from a numpy array.


Create a nalgebra view from a numpy array.


Same as matrix_slice_from_numpy, but takes a raw PyObject pointer.


Create a mutable nalgebra view from a numpy array.


Same as matrix_slice_mut_from_numpy, but takes a raw PyObject pointer.


Copy a nalgebra matrix to a numpy ndarray.