pub trait Provider {
    fn metadata(&self) -> Metadata;
    fn data(&self) -> Result<Map<Profile, Dict>, Error>;

    fn profile(&self) -> Option<Profile> { ... }
Expand description

Trait implemented by configuration source providers.

For an overview of built-in providers, see the top-level docs.


A Provider reads from a source to provide configuration data for Figments (Provider::data()). A Provider also provides Metadata to identify the source of its configuration data (Provider::metadata()). A provider may also optionally set a Profile for the Figment it is merged (but not joined) into by implementing Provider::profile().


A Provider meant to be consumed externally should allow for optional nesting when sensible. The general pattern is to allow a Profile to be specified. If one is not, read the configuration data as a Map<Profile, Dict>, thus using the top-level keys as profiles. If one is specified, read the data as Dict and Profile::collect() into the specified profile.


Implementing a Provider requires implementing methods that provide both of these pieces of data. The first, Provider::metadata() identifies the provider’s configuration sources, if any, and allows the provider to customize how paths to keys are interpolated. The second, Provider::data(), actually reads the configuration and returns the data.

As an example, consider a provider that reads configuration from a networked store at some Url. A Provider implementation for such a provider may resemble the following:

use figment::{Provider, Metadata, Profile, Error, value::{Map, Dict}};

/// A provider that fetches its data from a given URL.
struct NetProvider {
    /// The profile to emit data to if nesting is disabled.
    profile: Option<Profile>,
    /// The url to fetch data from.
    url: Url

impl Provider for NetProvider {
    /// Returns metadata with kind `Network`, custom source `self.url`,
    /// and interpolator that returns a URL of `url/a/b/c` for key `a.b.c`.
    fn metadata(&self) -> Metadata {
        let url = self.url.clone();
            .interpolater(move |profile, keys| match profile.is_custom() {
                true => format!("{}/{}/{}", url, profile, keys.join("/")),
                false => format!("{}/{}", url, keys.join("/")),

    /// Fetches the data from `self.url`. Note that `Dict`, `Map`, and
    /// `Profile` are `Deserialize`, so we can deserialized to them.
    fn data(&self) -> Result<Map<Profile, Dict>, Error> {
        fn fetch<'a, T: Deserialize<'a>>(url: &Url) -> Result<T, Error> {
            /* fetch from the network, deserialize into `T` */

        match &self.profile {
            // Don't nest: `fetch` into a `Dict`.
            Some(profile) => Ok(profile.collect(fetch(&self.url)?)),
            // Nest: `fetch` into a `Map<Profile, Dict>`.
            None => fetch(&self.url),

Required Methods

Returns the Metadata for this provider, identifying itself and its configuration sources.

Returns the configuration data.

Provided Methods

Optionally returns a profile to set on the Figment this provider is merged into. The profile is only set if self is merged.

Implementations on Foreign Types

This is exactly <T as Provider>.

This is exactly Serialized::global(K, V).