Crate enumber

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§Numerical enumerations

The enumber crate provides a mechanism for deriving a lot of useful helpers for your enumerations which are sets of numbers. Its main purpose is to provide convenience implementations of a number of useful traits for your enumerations automatically.

See the convert macro and into macro for details, however here is a basic example:

enum Simple {
    Foo = 1,
    Bar = 2,

use std::convert::TryFrom;

// You can use try_from() to go from a suitable number to an instance of
// your enumeration.
assert!(matches!(Simple::try_from(1), Ok(Simple::Foo)));

// You can convert from instances of your enumeration to a number.
assert_eq!(2 as usize, Simple::Bar.into());

// You can render instances of your enumeration to strings.
assert_eq!(&format!("{}", Simple::Foo), "Foo");

// And you can convert from a string to your enumeration, using the names
// of the enumeration items (case insensitively) or by number.  If the
// name or number is invalid, you'll get an error.

use std::str::FromStr;
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("Foo"), Ok(Simple::Foo)));
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("bAr"), Ok(Simple::Bar)));
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("1"), Ok(Simple::Foo)));
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("0x02"), Ok(Simple::Bar)));
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("3"), Err(ParseSimpleError::UnknownValue(_))));
assert!(matches!(Simple::from_str("wibble"), Err(ParseSimpleError::UnknownName(_))));

The into macro only implements From. But, unlike the convert macro, it is able to convert variants with data to a value. (It can’t convert values to variants, because the data is missing.) This is helpful, for instance, for converting rich error types to simple error codes at an FFI boundary.

enum Errors {
    Success = 0,
    #[value(0x10)] NotDefined(String),
    InvalidArg(String, String) = 0x20,
    OpNotSupported = 0x30,

// You can convert from instances of your enumeration to a number.
assert_eq!(0 as usize, Errors::Success.into());
assert_eq!(0x10 as usize, Errors::NotDefined("a".into()).into());
assert_eq!(0x10 as usize, Errors::NotDefined("123".into()).into());
assert_eq!(0x20 as usize, Errors::InvalidArg("a".into(), "123".into()).into());
assert_eq!(0x30 as usize, Errors::OpNotSupported.into());

Attribute Macros§

  • Convert an enumber compliant enum into a proper enum with appropriate associated traits.
  • Convert an enumber compliant enum whose variants have data into a proper enum with appropriate associated traits.