Crate derive_getters

source ·
Expand description

This library provides two derive macros. One, Getters for autogenerating getters and Dissolve for consuming a struct returning a tuple of all fields. They can only be used on named structs.


Only named structs can derive Getters or Dissolve.

Getter methods generated

The getter methods generated shall bear the same name as the struct fields and be publicly visible. The methods return an immutable reference to the struct field of the same name. If there is already a method defined with that name there’ll be a collision. In these cases one of two attributes can be set to either skip or rename the getter.

Getters Usage

In or;

use derive_getters::Getters;

struct Number {
    num: u64,    

let number = Number { num: 655 };
assert!(number.num() == &655);

Here, a method called num() has been created for the Number struct which gives a reference to the num field.

This macro can also derive on structs that have simple generic types. For example;

struct Generic<T, U> {
    gen_t: T,
    gen_u: U,

The macro can also handle generic types with trait bounds. For example;

struct Generic<T: Clone, U: Copy> {
    gen_t: T,
    gen_u: U,

The trait bounds can also be declared in a where clause.

Additionaly, simple lifetimes are OK too;

struct Annotated<'a, 'b, T> {
    stuff: &'a T,
    comp: &'b str,
    num: u64,

Getter Attributes

Getters can be further configured to either skip or rename a getter.

  • #[getter(skip)] Will skip generating a getter for the field being decorated.

  • #[getter(rename = “name”)] Changes the name of the getter (default is the field name) to “name”.

 struct Attributed {
     keep_me: u64,

     skip_me: u64,

     #[getter(rename = "number")]
     rename_me: u64,

Dissolve method generated

Deriving Dissolve on a named struct will generate a method dissolve(self) which shall return a tuple of all struct fields in the order they were defined. Calling this method consumes the struct. The name of this method can be changed with an attribute.

Dissolve usage

struct Stuff {
    name: String,
    price: f64,
    count: usize,

fn main() {
    let stuff = Stuff {
        name: "Hogie".to_owned(),
        price: 123.4f64,
        count: 100,

    let (n, p, c) = stuff.dissolve();
    assert!(n == "Hogie");
    assert!(p == 123.4f64);
    assert!(c == 100);

Dissolve Attributes

You can rename the dissolve function by using a struct attribute.

  • #[dissolve(rename = “name”)]
#[dissolve(rename = "shatter")]
struct Numbers {
    a: u64,
    b: i64,
    c: f64,

Comment Replication/Generation

Comments are produced for the auto-generated getters or dissolver. A comment is also generated for the impl block.

Replication of comments

Any field comments are replicated for the getter. If the field on the target struct has a comment; the getter for it shall have the exact same comment.

struct Number {
    /// My special number.
    num: u64,    

Generation of comments

If no comment is present for the field, one shall be generated like so; “ Get field {} from instance of {}.“

A comment for the dissolve function shall be similarily generated; “Dissolve {} into a tuple consisting of its fields in order of declaration.”

The impl block for the getters or dissolve function also has a comment generated; “Auto-generated by derive_getters::Getters.” and or “Auto-generated by derive_getters::Dissolve”.


If Getters or Dissolve are derived on unit, unnamed structs, enums or unions.

Cannot Do

Const generics aren’t handled by this macro nor are they tested.

Derive Macros

  • Produce a dissolve method that consumes the named struct returning a tuple of all the the struct fields.
  • Generate getter methods for all named struct fields in a seperate struct impl block. Getter methods share the name of the field they’re ‘getting’. Methods return an immutable reference to the field.