fxhash 0.1.0

A fast, non-secure, hashing algorithm derived from an internal hasher used in FireFox and Rustc.

Fx Hash

This hashing algorithm was extracted from the Rustc compiler. This is the same hashing algoirthm used for some internal operations in FireFox. The strength of this algorithm is in hashing 8 bytes at a time on 64-bit platforms, where the FNV algorithm works on one byte at a time.

Disclaimer

It is not a cryptographically secure hash, so it is strongly recommended that you do not use this hash for cryptographic purproses. Furthermore, this hashing algorithm was not designed to prevent any attacks for determining collisions which could be used to potentially cause quadratic behavior in HashMaps. So it is not recommended to expose this hash in places where collissions or DDOS attacks may be a concern.

Examples

Building an Fx backed hashmap.

extern crate fxhash;
use fxhash::FxHashMap;

let mut hashmap = FxHashMap::new();

hashmap.insert("black", 0);
hashmap.insert("white", 255);

Building an Fx backed hashset.

extern crate fxhash;
use fxhash::FxHashSet;

let mut hashmap = FxHashSet::new();

hashmap.insert("black");
hashmap.insert("white");

Benchmarks

The general rule of thumb is that fxhash is be faster than fnv for u32, u64, or any byte sequence with length >= 5. However, keep in mind that hashing speed is not the only characteristic worth keeping considering. That being said, Rustc an observable increase in speed when switching from fnv based hashmaps to fx based hashmaps.

bench_fnv_003     ... bench:      3 ns/iter (+/- 0)
bench_fnv_004     ... bench:      2 ns/iter (+/- 0)
bench_fnv_011     ... bench:      6 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_fnv_012     ... bench:      5 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_fnv_023     ... bench:     14 ns/iter (+/- 3)
bench_fnv_024     ... bench:     14 ns/iter (+/- 4)
bench_fnv_068     ... bench:     57 ns/iter (+/- 11)
bench_fnv_132     ... bench:    145 ns/iter (+/- 30)
bench_fx_003      ... bench:      4 ns/iter (+/- 0)
bench_fx_004      ... bench:      3 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_fx_011      ... bench:      5 ns/iter (+/- 2)
bench_fx_012      ... bench:      4 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_fx_023      ... bench:      7 ns/iter (+/- 3)
bench_fx_024      ... bench:      4 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_fx_068      ... bench:     10 ns/iter (+/- 3)
bench_fx_132      ... bench:     19 ns/iter (+/- 5)
bench_seahash_003 ... bench:     30 ns/iter (+/- 12)
bench_seahash_004 ... bench:     32 ns/iter (+/- 22)
bench_seahash_011 ... bench:     30 ns/iter (+/- 4)
bench_seahash_012 ... bench:     31 ns/iter (+/- 1)
bench_seahash_023 ... bench:     32 ns/iter (+/- 6)
bench_seahash_024 ... bench:     31 ns/iter (+/- 5)
bench_seahash_068 ... bench:     40 ns/iter (+/- 9)
bench_seahash_132 ... bench:     50 ns/iter (+/- 12)