comrak 0.2.14

A 100% CommonMark-compatible GitHub Flavored Markdown parser and formatter

Build Status Spec Status: 647/647 version not building comrak right now!

Rust port of github's cmark-gfm.


Specify it as a requirement in Cargo.toml:

comrak = "0.2"


A binary is included which does everything you typically want:

$ comrak --help
comrak 0.2.14
Ashe Connor <>
A 100% CommonMark-compatible GitHub Flavored Markdown parser and formatter

    comrak [FLAGS] [OPTIONS] [--] [FILE]...

        --footnotes          Parse footnotes
        --github-pre-lang    Use GitHub-style <pre lang> for code blocks
        --hardbreaks         Treat newlines as hard line breaks
    -h, --help               Prints help information
        --safe               Suppress raw HTML and dangerous URLs
        --smart              Use smart punctuation
    -V, --version            Prints version information

        --default-info-string <INFO>    Default value for fenced code block's info strings if none is given
    -e, --extension <EXTENSION>...      Specify an extension name to use [values: strikethrough, tagfilter, table,
                                        autolink, tasklist, superscript, footnotes]
    -t, --to <FORMAT>                   Specify output format [default: html]  [values: html, commonmark]
        --header-ids <PREFIX>           Use the Comrak header IDs extension, with the given ID prefix
        --width <WIDTH>                 Specify wrap width (0 = nowrap) [default: 0]

    <FILE>...    The CommonMark file to parse; or standard input if none passed

And there's a Rust interface. You can use comrak::markdown_to_html directly:

use comrak::{markdown_to_html, ComrakOptions};
assert_eq!(markdown_to_html("Hello, **世界**!", &ComrakOptions::default()),
           "<p>Hello, <strong>世界</strong>!</p>\n");

Or you can parse the input into an AST yourself, manipulate it, and then use your desired formatter:

extern crate comrak;
use comrak::{parse_document, format_html, Arena, ComrakOptions};
use comrak::nodes::{AstNode, NodeValue};

// The returned nodes are created in the supplied Arena, and are bound by its lifetime.
let arena = Arena::new();

let root = parse_document(
    "This is my input.\n\n1. Also my input.\n2. Certainly my input.\n",

fn iter_nodes<'a, F>(node: &'a AstNode<'a>, f: &F)
    where F : Fn(&'a AstNode<'a>) {
    for c in node.children() {
        iter_nodes(c, f);

iter_nodes(root, &|node| {
    match &mut {
        &mut NodeValue::Text(ref mut text) => {
            let orig = std::mem::replace(text, vec![]);
            *text = String::from_utf8(orig).unwrap().replace("my", "your").as_bytes().to_vec();
        _ => (),

let mut html = vec![];
format_html(root, &ComrakOptions::default(), &mut html).unwrap();

    "<p>This is your input.</p>\n\
     <li>Also your input.</li>\n\
     <li>Certainly your input.</li>\n\


As with cmark-gfm, Comrak will pass through inline HTML, dangerous links, anything you can imagine — it only performs Markdown to HTML conversion per the CommonMark/GFM spec. We recommend the use of a sanitisation library like ammonia configured specific to your needs.

You can also disable this potentially unsafe feature by using the safe option (or --safe at the command-line).


Comrak supports the five extensions to CommonMark defined in the GitHub Flavored Markdown Spec:

as well as superscript and footnotes.

By default none are enabled; they are individually enabled with each parse by setting the appropriate values in the ComrakOptions struct.

Related projects

Comrak's design goal is to model the upstream cmark-gfm as closely as possible in terms of code structure. The upside of this is that a change in cmark-gfm has a very predictable change in Comrak. It helps that I maintain both, and tend to update Comrak in lock-step with cmark-gfm. Likewise, any bug in cmark-gfm is likely to be reproduced in Comrak. This could be considered a pro or a con, depending on your use case.

The downside, of course, is that the code is not what I'd call idiomatic Rust (so many RefCells), and while contributors and I have made it as fast as possible, it simply won't be as fast as some other CommonMark parsers depending on your use-case. Here are some other projects to consider:

  • Raph Levien's pulldown-cmark. It's very fast, uses a novel parsing algorithm, and doesn't construct an AST (but you can use it to make one if you want). Recent cargo doc uses this, as do many other projects in the ecosystem. It's not quite at 100% spec compatibility yet.
  • Ben Navetta's rcmark is a set of bindings to libcmark. It hasn't been updated in a while, though there's an open pull request.
  • Know of another library? Please add it!

As far as I know, Comrak is the only library to implement all of the GitHub Flavored Markdown extensions to the spec, but this tends to only be important if you want to reproduce GitHub's Markdown rendering exactly, e.g. in a GitHub client app.


Thank you for PRs and issues opened!


Copyright (c) 2017–2018, Ashe Connor. Licensed under the 2-Clause BSD License.

cmark itself is is copyright (c) 2014, John MacFarlane.

See COPYING for all the details.