cable 0.1.1

A cable(pointer) with a hook(header at address) at the end and a sized payload(array)
# Cable


A `cable`(pointer) with a `hook`(header at address) at the end and a sized `payload`(array)
## Features

A pointer type for heap allocation, with some special features:
- Stores an optional user specified header at address
- Stashes the size of the data inline
- A resizable array with bounds checking that requires just a pointer to use
- Adds padding where necessary to maintain alignment for header, size, and elements. 
## Usage
Add this to your `Cargo.toml`:
cable = "0.1.1"
## Examples
let mut data: Cable<f64, (i32, i32, i32, i32)> = Cable::with_capacity_zeroed(8, (1, 2, 3, 4));
data[0] = 1.0;
data[1] = 6.0;
data[2] = 9.0;

for i in data.iter() {
    println!("{:?}", i);

println!("Header: {:?}", data.header().unwrap());
println!("Footprint: {}", data.footprint());
The `Cable<T, H>` is useful in creating other heap objects.
Creating a simple dynamic storage with a length and capacity:
let mut data: Cable<i32, usize> = Cable::with_capacity(24, 6); // allocate capacity for 24 elements
data[0] = 19;
data[1] = 22;
data[2] = 35;
data[3] = 53;
data[4] = 68;
data[5] = 13;

println!("Length: {}", data.header().unwrap());
println!("Footprint: {}", data.footprint());
The `Cable<T, H>` works well for nested structures when a small footprint is required:
let mut x: Vec<Cable<i32>> = Vec::with_capacity(24);
x[0][0] = 67;
x[0][1] = 45;

x[1][2] = 32;
x[1][5] = 19;
In this case the vector acts like a 2D array but each element can have a variable size.
This allows for compact data structures with proper bounds checking and a minimal footprint.
A struct can be used as a header for convenience:
struct Info {
    id: i32,
    position: (f32, f32),
    length: usize,

let mut x: Cable<i32, Info> = Cable::with_capacity(
    Info {
        id: -1,
        position: (0.0, 0.0),
        length: 0,
A header may be omitted for brevity:
let mut x: Cable<i32> = Cable::new();
## Safety
This pointer is safe as it always allocates at least `mem::size_of::<usize>()` bytes on the heap and will point to that allocation.
## Allocation
A cable has some special allocation features and considerations:
- Will allocate at least `mem::size_of::<H>()` + padding for `usize` + `mem::size_of::<usize>()` + padding for `T`.
- H can be zero-sized, in this case, such as when using the unit type `H = ()` the header is not allocated.
- Can optionally allocate memory zeroed.
- Cost is minimal, most memory layout is determined at compile time.
- Resembles a `Box<H>` when payload is unallocated (although with at least an extra `mem::size_of::<usize>()` bytes, see `into_boxed_header`).
## Crate features
To be determined, will likely support in the future:
- no-std
- serde
- custom allocator