[][src]Struct cranelift_entity::EntityList

pub struct EntityList<T: EntityRef + ReservedValue> { /* fields omitted */ }

A small list of entity references allocated from a pool.

An EntityList<T> type provides similar functionality to Vec<T>, but with some important differences in the implementation:

  1. Memory is allocated from a ListPool<T> instead of the global heap.
  2. The footprint of an entity list is 4 bytes, compared with the 24 bytes for Vec<T>.
  3. An entity list doesn't implement Drop, leaving it to the pool to manage memory.

The list pool is intended to be used as a LIFO allocator. After building up a larger data structure with many list references, the whole thing can be discarded quickly by clearing the pool.


Entity lists are not as safe to use as Vec<T>, but they never jeopardize Rust's memory safety guarantees. These are the problems to be aware of:

  • If you lose track of an entity list, its memory won't be recycled until the pool is cleared. This can cause the pool to grow very large with leaked lists.
  • If entity lists are used after their pool is cleared, they may contain garbage data, and modifying them may corrupt other lists in the pool.
  • If an entity list is used with two different pool instances, both pools are likely to become corrupted.

Entity lists can be cloned, but that operation should only be used as part of cloning the whole function they belong to. Cloning an entity list does not allocate new memory for the clone. It creates an alias of the same memory.

Entity lists cannot be hashed and compared for equality because it's not possible to compare the contents of the list without the pool reference.


The EntityList itself is designed to have the smallest possible footprint. This is important because it is used inside very compact data structures like InstructionData. The list contains only a 32-bit index into the pool's memory vector, pointing to the first element of the list.

The pool is just a single Vec<T> containing all of the allocated lists. Each list is represented as three contiguous parts:

  1. The number of elements in the list.
  2. The list elements.
  3. Excess capacity elements.

The total size of the three parts is always a power of two, and the excess capacity is always as small as possible. This means that shrinking a list may cause the excess capacity to shrink if a smaller power-of-two size becomes available.

Both growing and shrinking a list may cause it to be reallocated in the pool vector.

The index stored in an EntityList points to part 2, the list elements. The value 0 is reserved for the empty list which isn't allocated in the vector.


impl<T: EntityRef + ReservedValue> EntityList<T>[src]

pub fn new() -> Self[src]

Create a new empty list.

pub fn from_slice(slice: &[T], pool: &mut ListPool<T>) -> Self[src]

Create a new list with the contents initialized from a slice.

pub fn is_empty(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the list has a length of 0.

pub fn len(&self, pool: &ListPool<T>) -> usize[src]

Get the number of elements in the list.

pub fn is_valid(&self, pool: &ListPool<T>) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the list is valid

pub fn as_slice<'a>(&'a self, pool: &'a ListPool<T>) -> &'a [T][src]

Get the list as a slice.

pub fn get(&self, index: usize, pool: &ListPool<T>) -> Option<T>[src]

Get a single element from the list.

pub fn first(&self, pool: &ListPool<T>) -> Option<T>[src]

Get the first element from the list.

pub fn as_mut_slice<'a>(&'a mut self, pool: &'a mut ListPool<T>) -> &'a mut [T][src]

Get the list as a mutable slice.

pub fn get_mut<'a>(
    &'a mut self,
    index: usize,
    pool: &'a mut ListPool<T>
) -> Option<&'a mut T>

Get a mutable reference to a single element from the list.

pub fn clear(&mut self, pool: &mut ListPool<T>)[src]

Removes all elements from the list.

The memory used by the list is put back in the pool.

pub fn take(&mut self) -> Self[src]

Take all elements from this list and return them as a new list. Leave this list empty.

This is the equivalent of Option::take().

pub fn push(&mut self, element: T, pool: &mut ListPool<T>) -> usize[src]

Appends an element to the back of the list. Returns the index where the element was inserted.

pub fn extend<I>(&mut self, elements: I, pool: &mut ListPool<T>) where
    I: IntoIterator<Item = T>, 

Appends multiple elements to the back of the list.

pub fn insert(&mut self, index: usize, element: T, pool: &mut ListPool<T>)[src]

Inserts an element as position index in the list, shifting all elements after it to the right.

pub fn remove(&mut self, index: usize, pool: &mut ListPool<T>)[src]

Removes the element at position index from the list. Potentially linear complexity.

pub fn swap_remove(&mut self, index: usize, pool: &mut ListPool<T>)[src]

Removes the element at index in constant time by switching it with the last element of the list.

pub fn grow_at(&mut self, index: usize, count: usize, pool: &mut ListPool<T>)[src]

Grow the list by inserting count elements at index.

The new elements are not initialized, they will contain whatever happened to be in memory. Since the memory comes from the pool, this will be either zero entity references or whatever where in a previously deallocated list.

Trait Implementations

impl<T: Clone + EntityRef + ReservedValue> Clone for EntityList<T>[src]

impl<T: Debug + EntityRef + ReservedValue> Debug for EntityList<T>[src]

impl<T: EntityRef + ReservedValue> Default for EntityList<T>[src]

Create an empty list.

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<T> Send for EntityList<T> where
    T: Send

impl<T> Sync for EntityList<T> where
    T: Sync

impl<T> Unpin for EntityList<T> where
    T: Unpin

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.