Crate withfd

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Expand description

withfd allows passing file descriptors through Unix sockets.

This crate provides adapters for std::os::unix::net::UnixStream and tokio::net::UnixStream (requires the tokio feature) that allow passing file descriptors through them.

The adapter allows you to keep using the ordinary Read and Write (or AsyncRead and AsyncWrite with the tokio feature) interfaces. File descriptors are received and stored as you read, This is different from other similar crates like passfd or sendfd. This is to address the problem where, if you use ordinary read on the UnixStream when the other end has sent a file descriptor, the file descriptor will be dropped. This adapter ensures there is no file descriptors being lost.


Process 1:

use std::{
    os::unix::{io::AsFd, net::UnixListener},

use withfd::WithFdExt;

let file = File::open("/etc/passwd").unwrap();
let listener = UnixListener::bind("/tmp/test.sock").unwrap();
let (stream, _) = listener.accept().unwrap();
let mut stream = stream.with_fd();
stream.write_with_fd(b"data", &[file.as_fd()]).unwrap();

Process 2:

use std::{
    os::unix::{io::FromRawFd, net::UnixStream},

use withfd::WithFdExt;

let stream = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/test.sock").unwrap();
let mut stream = stream.with_fd();
let mut buf = [0u8; 4];
stream.read_exact(&mut buf[..]).unwrap();
let fd = stream.take_fds().next().unwrap();
let mut file = File::from(fd);
let mut buf = String::new();
file.read_to_string(&mut buf).unwrap();
println!("{}", buf);


  • Adapter for sending data with file descriptors.