[][src]Enum vulkano::swapchain::ColorSpace

pub enum ColorSpace {

How the presentation engine should interpret the data.

A quick lesson about color spaces

What is a color space?

Each pixel of a monitor is made of three components: one red, one green, and one blue. In the past, computers would simply send to the monitor the intensity of each of the three components.

This proved to be problematic, because depending on the brand of the monitor the colors would not exactly be the same. For example on some monitors, a value of [1.0, 0.0, 0.0] would be a bit more orange than on others.

In order to standardize this, there exist what are called color spaces: sRGB, AdobeRGB, DCI-P3, scRGB, etc. When you manipulate RGB values in a specific color space, these values have a precise absolute meaning in terms of color, that is the same across all systems and monitors.

Note: Color spaces are orthogonal to concept of RGB. RGB only indicates what is the representation of the data, but not how it is interpreted. You can think of this a bit like text encoding. An RGB value is a like a byte, in other words it is the medium by which values are communicated, and a color space is like a text encoding (eg. UTF-8), in other words it is the way the value should be interpreted.

The most commonly used color space today is sRGB. Most monitors today use this color space, and most images files are encoded in this color space.

Pixel formats and linear vs non-linear

In Vulkan all images have a specific format in which the data is stored. The data of an image consists of pixels in RGB but contains no information about the color space (or lack thereof) of these pixels. You are free to store them in whatever color space you want.

But one big practical problem with color spaces is that they are sometimes not linear, and in particular the popular sRGB color space is not linear. In a non-linear color space, a value of [0.6, 0.6, 0.6] for example is not twice as bright as a value of [0.3, 0.3, 0.3]. This is problematic, because operations such as taking the average of two colors or calculating the lighting of a texture with a dot product are mathematically incorrect and will produce incorrect colors.

Note: If the texture format has an alpha component, it is not affected by the color space and always behaves linearly.

In order to solve this Vulkan also provides image formats with the Srgb suffix, which are expected to contain RGB data in the sRGB color space. When you sample an image with such a format from a shader, the implementation will automatically turn the pixel values into a linear color space that is suitable for linear operations (such as additions or multiplications). When you write to a framebuffer attachment with such a format, the implementation will automatically perform the opposite conversion. These conversions are most of the time performed by the hardware and incur no additional cost.

Color space of the swapchain

The color space that you specify when you create a swapchain is how the implementation will interpret the raw data inside of the image.

Note: The implementation can choose to send the data in the swapchain image directly to the monitor, but it can also choose to write it in an intermediary buffer that is then read by the operating system or windowing system. Therefore the color space that the implementation supports is not necessarily the same as the one supported by the monitor.

It is your job to ensure that the data in the swapchain image is in the color space that is specified here, otherwise colors will be incorrect. The implementation will never perform any additional automatic conversion after the colors have been written to the swapchain image.

How do I handle this correctly?

The easiest way to handle color spaces in a cross-platform program is:

  • Always request the SrgbNonLinear color space when creating the swapchain.
  • Make sure that all your image files use the sRGB color space, and load them in images whose format has the Srgb suffix. Only use non-sRGB image formats for intermediary computations or to store non-color data.
  • Swapchain images should have a format with the Srgb suffix.

Note: It is unclear whether the SrgbNonLinear color space is always supported by the the implementation or not. See https://github.com/KhronosGroup/Vulkan-Docs/issues/442.

Note: Lots of developers are confused by color spaces. You can sometimes find articles talking about gamma correction and suggestion to put your colors to the power 2.2 for example. These are all hacks and you should use the sRGB pixel formats instead.

If you follow these three rules, then everything should render the same way on all platforms.

Additionally you can try detect whether the implementation supports any additional color space and perform a manual conversion to that color space from inside your shader.



Trait Implementations

impl Clone for ColorSpace[src]

impl Copy for ColorSpace[src]

impl Eq for ColorSpace[src]

impl PartialEq<ColorSpace> for ColorSpace[src]

impl Debug for ColorSpace[src]

impl StructuralPartialEq for ColorSpace[src]

impl StructuralEq for ColorSpace[src]

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