[][src]Module tide::sessions

Tide session support

This document provides a high-level overview of tide's approach to sessions. For implementation and examples, please refer to SessionMiddleware

Sessions allows tide to securely attach data to a browser session allowing for retrieval and modification of this data within tide on subsequent visits. Session data is generally only retained for the duration of a browser session.

Tide's session implementation provides guest sessions by default, meaning that all web requests to a session-enabled tide host will have a cookie attached, whether or not there is anything stored in that client's session yet.


Although tide provides two bundled session stores, it is highly recommended that tide applications use an external-datastore-backed session storage. For a list of currently available session stores, see the documentation for async-session.


Although each session store may have different security implications, the general approach of tide's session system is as follows: On each request, tide checks the cookie configurable as cookie_name on the middleware.

A cryptographically random cookie value is generated. A cookie is set on the outbound response and signed with an HKDF key derived from the secret provided on creation of the SessionMiddleware. The configurable session store uses a SHA256 digest of the cookie value and stores the session along with a potential expiry.

The hkdf derived signing key is used to verify the cookie value's signature. If it verifies, it is then passed to the session store to retrieve a Session. For most session stores, this will involve taking a SHA256 digest of the cookie value and retrieving a serialized Session from an external datastore based on that digest.


In addition to setting an expiry on the session cookie, tide sessions include the same expiry in their serialization format. If an adversary were able to tamper with the expiry of a cookie, tide sessions would still check the expiry on the contained session before using it

If anything goes wrong with the above process

If there are any failures in the above session retrieval process, a new empty session is generated for the request, which proceeds through the application as normal.

Stale/expired session cleanup

Any session store other than the cookie store will accumulate stale sessions. Although the tide session middleware ensures that they will not be used as valid sessions, For most session stores, it is the tide application's responsibility to call cleanup on the session store if it requires it



A session store that serializes the entire session into a Cookie.


in-memory session store


The main session type.


Middleware to enable sessions.



An async session backend.