Expand description

Stacko    pipeline

Stacko is a fast but limited ordered collection for storing values of a single type.

What is a Stacko?

Stacko is a fast and ordered collection, similar to Vec, onto which values can be pushed. In contrast to a Vec, a Stacko allows pushing values through a shared reference. Pushing values is an O(1) operation and will never relocate previously pushed values, i.e., previous values remain at a stable address in memory. This enables safe pushing through a shared reference.

When pushing a value, Stacko returns a reference to the value in addition to a key. The key does not borrow from the Stacko and can be used to retrieve the value in O(1). In addition, given an exclusive reference to the Stacko, the key can be used to obtain an exclusive reference to the value in O(1). Every key corresponds to an insertion index. Values can also be accessed by their insertion index in O(log n). Iterating over a Stacko or converting it to a Vec will also preserve the insertion order.

Values cannot be removed from a Stacko.

Here is a list of similar data structures and their differences:

  • A TypedArena does not provide a key and returns an exclusive reference to a value inserted through a shared reference. A key is useful because it exists independently of the Stacko (it does not borrow). It can thus be passed around more freely than a reference and can also be meaningfully serialized (for details see below).
  • A Slab and a SlotMap cannot be mutated trough a shared reference. If mutation through a shared reference is not required, you may want to consider those as they are generally much more flexible.


Using the serde feature flag, a Stacko and its keys can be serialized with [Serde][serde].

A Stacko storing values of type T is serialized as a sequence of type T, just as a Vec of type T is, and keys are serialized as the corresponding insertion index into this sequence. This enables external tools to simply treat keys as indices into the serialized sequence. Using a previously serialized and then deserialized key for accessing a value without also serializing and then deserializing the corresponding Stacko is an O(log n) operation (just as accessing by index).

This exact serialization behavior is considered part of the stability guarantees.


let vegetables = Stacko::<&'static str>::new();

let (cucumber_key, cucumber) = vegetables.push("Cucumber");
let (paprika_key, paprika) = vegetables.push("Paprika");

assert_eq!(vegetables[cucumber_key], "Cucumber");

assert_eq!(Vec::from(vegetables), vec!["Cucumber", "Paprika"]);


Defines a new type of Key.


Default key type to access values stored in some Stacko.

An Iterator that moves key-value pairs out of a Stacko.

An Iterator over key-value pairs in a Stacko.

A Stacko for storing values of a single type.


The default capacity of a Stacko.


Key used to access values stored in some Stacko.