[][src]Crate spirit_tokio

A collection of helpers integrating tokio primitives into spirit.

The crate provides utilities to auto-configure tokio primitives, like listening sockets. This allows, for example, specifying just the function that handles a single connection and let spirit handle all the rest ‒ creating and shutting down the listening socket based on the configuration changes, specifying details like the listen backlog or TCP keepalive, etc. It couples them together and spawns the resulting future onto a tokio runtime (also created by this crate, around the main body of application).


A configuration helper is formed by a pair of traits. They are connected either as a configuration helper or with the resource function (or alternatively [iterated configuration helper] and resources in case the user is allowed to configure multiple instances).

The ResourceConfig represents the fragment of configuration that describes the resource ‒ for example the configuration for TCP listener (TcpListen). These things can be somewhat customized by type parameters (specifying sub-fragments, adding custom part of configuration used by your application, etc).

The ResourceConsumer is the active part that does something with the resource. This is usually a closure that takes the Spirit object, the configuration fragment and the resource created from it and returns a future to be spawned onto the runtime. The crate however provides wrappers to build more complex consumers out of simpler closures ‒ for example the per_connection accepts a closure that handles one connection only, but creates a consumer that handles the whole listener.

The ResourceConsumer may be used multiple times ‒ when the configuration changes, the old future is dropped (canceled) and a new one is created. If the fragment is in a container like Vec or HashSet, the user is allowed to configure multiple different instances of the resource in parallel and the consumer will be invoked for each of them.

Other crates depending on this one may provide their own configs and consumers.

The split allows for flexibility and code reuse. A TCP listener is created and configured the same way, no matter what is done with the accepted connections afterwards. So a fragment to configure it can be provided by a crate. On the other hand, the application needs to provide its functionality (handle the connection), but it does not necessarily have to care about if the connections are over TCP socket or unix stream socket or if there's an encryption on top of them.

The sub-fragents

Mostly any sub-fragment can be plugged by the Empty. Such fragment provides the most basic behaviour (usually no action) and brings no additional configuration options.

The fragments usually have default sub-fragments so unless you need something special, some sane defaults are provided and the user is given a lot of freedom how to override them.


It allows creating multiple instances of the same resource. This allows using multiple threads to handle the same resource. An example may be having too many new connections to accept to be handled in single thread. A consumer is invoked for each instance.

It is configured by a sub-fragment implementing the Scaled trait. The Empty fragment provides single instance. The Scale sub-fragment adds the scale configuration option and lets the user configure the number of instances.

Available fragments

The WithListenLimits is a wrapper that adds limits to number of concurrent connections as well as a backoff timeout in case of soft errors (like „Too many open files“). This allows it to be used with the per_connection consumer. There are also type aliases TcpListenWithLimits and UnixListenWithLimits.

Implementing your own

To implement your own, you probably want to look at the source code. There are, however, few things to note.

There are some more traits than the above in play. You may need to implement several. The macros module contains several helpful macros that can make this part easier.

For implementing the „bottom“ resources, you need then ResourceConfig and probably ExtraCfgCarrier.


extern crate failure;
extern crate serde;
extern crate serde_derive;
extern crate spirit;
extern crate spirit_tokio;
extern crate tokio;

use std::sync::Arc;

use failure::Error;
use spirit::{Empty, Spirit};
use spirit_tokio::TcpListenWithLimits;
use tokio::net::TcpStream;
use tokio::prelude::*;

const DEFAULT_CONFIG: &str = r#"
port = 1234
max-conn = 20
error-sleep = "100ms"
#[derive(Default, Deserialize)]
struct Config {
    listening_socket: TcpListenWithLimits,

impl Config {
    fn listening_socket(&self) -> TcpListenWithLimits {

fn connection(
    _: &Arc<Spirit<Empty, Config>>,
    _: &Arc<TcpListenWithLimits>,
    conn: TcpStream,
    _: &str
) -> impl Future<Item = (), Error = Error> {
    tokio::io::write_all(conn, "Hello\n")
        .map(|_| ())

fn main() {
    Spirit::<Empty, Config>::new()
        .run(|spirit| {

Further examples are in the git repository.


pub use base_traits::ExtraCfgCarrier;
pub use base_traits::Name;
pub use base_traits::ResourceConfig;
pub use base_traits::ResourceConsumer;
pub use net::TcpListen;
pub use net::TcpListenWithLimits;
pub use net::UdpListen;
pub use runtime::Runtime;
pub use utils::per_connection;
pub use utils::per_connection_init;
pub use utils::resource;
pub use utils::resources;



Collection of traits used through this crate and by reverse dependencies.


Support for alternative choices of configuration.


Macros to help implementing custom fragments.


Autoconfiguration of network primitives of tokio


A helper to start the tokio runtime at the appropriate time.


Scaling of resources.


Utility and glue functions



Implements the CfgHelper and IteratedCfgHelper traits.


Delegates listed traits into a field.


Implements the ExtraCfgCarrier trait by extracting a given field.