[][src]Struct rocket::Request

pub struct Request<'r> { /* fields omitted */ }

The type of an incoming web request.

This should be used sparingly in Rocket applications. In particular, it should likely only be used when writing FromRequest implementations. It contains all of the information for a given web request except for the body data. This includes the HTTP method, URI, cookies, headers, and more.

Methods

impl<'r> Request<'r>
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Retrieve the method from self.

Example

use rocket::http::Method;

request.set_method(Method::Get);
assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Get);

Set the method of self.

Example

use rocket::http::Method;

assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Get);

request.set_method(Method::Post);
assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Post);

Borrow the Origin URI from self.

Example

assert_eq!(request.uri().path(), "/uri");

Set the URI in self to uri.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

let uri = Origin::parse("/hello/Sergio?type=greeting").unwrap();
request.set_uri(uri);
assert_eq!(request.uri().path(), "/hello/Sergio");
assert_eq!(request.uri().query(), Some("type=greeting"));

Returns the address of the remote connection that initiated this request if the address is known. If the address is not known, None is returned.

Because it is common for proxies to forward connections for clients, the remote address may contain information about the proxy instead of the client. For this reason, proxies typically set the "X-Real-IP" header with the client's true IP. To extract this IP from the request, use the real_ip() or client_ip() methods.

Example

assert!(request.remote().is_none());

Sets the remote address of self to address.

Example

Set the remote address to be 127.0.0.1:8000:

use std::net::{SocketAddr, IpAddr, Ipv4Addr};

let (ip, port) = (IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8000);
let localhost = SocketAddr::new(ip, port);
request.set_remote(localhost);

assert_eq!(request.remote(), Some(localhost));

Returns the IP address in the "X-Real-IP" header of the request if such a header exists and contains a valid IP address.

Example

request.add_header(Header::new("X-Real-IP", "8.8.8.8"));
assert_eq!(request.real_ip(), Some("8.8.8.8".parse().unwrap()));

Attempts to return the client's IP address by first inspecting the "X-Real-IP" header and then using the remote connection's IP address.

If the "X-Real-IP" header exists and contains a valid IP address, that address is returned. Otherwise, if the address of the remote connection is known, that address is returned. Otherwise, None is returned.

Example

// starting without an "X-Real-IP" header or remote addresss
assert!(request.client_ip().is_none());

// add a remote address; this is done by Rocket automatically
request.set_remote("127.0.0.1:8000".parse().unwrap());
assert_eq!(request.client_ip(), Some("127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap()));

// now with an X-Real-IP header
request.add_header(Header::new("X-Real-IP", "8.8.8.8"));
assert_eq!(request.client_ip(), Some("8.8.8.8".parse().unwrap()));

Returns a wrapped borrow to the cookies in self.

Cookies implements internal mutability, so this method allows you to get and add/remove cookies in self.

Example

Add a new cookie to a request's cookies:

use rocket::http::Cookie;

request.cookies().add(Cookie::new("key", "val"));
request.cookies().add(Cookie::new("ans", format!("life: {}", 38 + 4)));

Returns a HeaderMap of all of the headers in self.

Example

let header_map = request.headers();
assert!(header_map.is_empty());

Add header to self's headers. The type of header can be any type that implements the Into<Header> trait. This includes common types such as ContentType and Accept.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

assert!(request.headers().is_empty());

request.add_header(ContentType::HTML);
assert!(request.headers().contains("Content-Type"));
assert_eq!(request.headers().len(), 1);

Replaces the value of the header with name header.name with header.value. If no such header exists, header is added as a header to self.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

assert!(request.headers().is_empty());

request.add_header(ContentType::Any);
assert_eq!(request.headers().get_one("Content-Type"), Some("*/*"));

request.replace_header(ContentType::PNG);
assert_eq!(request.headers().get_one("Content-Type"), Some("image/png"));

Returns the Content-Type header of self. If the header is not present, returns None. The Content-Type header is cached after the first call to this function. As a result, subsequent calls will always return the same value.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

request.add_header(ContentType::JSON);
assert_eq!(request.content_type(), Some(&ContentType::JSON));

// The header is cached; it cannot be replaced after first access.
request.replace_header(ContentType::HTML);
assert_eq!(request.content_type(), Some(&ContentType::JSON));

Returns the Accept header of self. If the header is not present, returns None. The Accept header is cached after the first call to this function. As a result, subsequent calls will always return the same value.

Example

use rocket::http::Accept;

request.add_header(Accept::JSON);
assert_eq!(request.accept(), Some(&Accept::JSON));

// The header is cached; it cannot be replaced after first access.
request.replace_header(Accept::HTML);
assert_eq!(request.accept(), Some(&Accept::JSON));

Returns the media type "format" of the request.

The "format" of a request is either the Content-Type, if the request methods indicates support for a payload, or the preferred media type in the Accept header otherwise. If the method indicates no payload and no Accept header is specified, a media type of Any is returned.

The media type returned from this method is used to match against the format route attribute.

Example

use rocket::http::{Method, Accept, ContentType, MediaType};

request.add_header(ContentType::JSON);
request.add_header(Accept::HTML);

request.set_method(Method::Get);
assert_eq!(request.format(), Some(&MediaType::HTML));

request.set_method(Method::Post);
assert_eq!(request.format(), Some(&MediaType::JSON));

Returns the configured application receive limits.

Example

let json_limit = request.limits().get("json");

Get the presently matched route, if any.

This method returns Some any time a handler or its guards are being invoked. This method returns None before routing has commenced; this includes during request fairing callbacks.

Example

let route = request.route();

Invokes the request guard implementation for T, returning its outcome.

Example

Assuming a User request guard exists, invoke it:

let outcome = request.guard::<User>();

Retrieve managed state inside of a guard implementation:

use rocket::State;

let pool = request.guard::<State<Pool>>();

Retrieves the cached value for type T from the request-local cached state of self. If no such value has previously been cached for this request, f is called to produce the value which is subsequently returned.

Example

fn current_user(request: &Request) -> User {
    // Validate request for a given user, load from database, etc.
}

let user = request.local_cache(|| current_user(request));

Retrieves and parses into T the 0-indexed nth segment from the request. Returns None if n is greater than the number of segments. Returns Some(Err(T::Error)) if the parameter type T failed to be parsed from the nth dynamic parameter.

This method exists only to be used by manual routing. To retrieve parameters from a request, use Rocket's code generation facilities.

Example

use rocket::http::{RawStr, uri::Origin};

fn string<'s>(req: &'s mut Request, uri: &'static str, n: usize) -> &'s RawStr {
    req.set_uri(Origin::parse(uri).unwrap());

    req.get_param(n)
        .and_then(|r| r.ok())
        .unwrap_or("unnamed".into())
}

assert_eq!(string(req, "/", 0).as_str(), "unnamed");
assert_eq!(string(req, "/a/b/this_one", 0).as_str(), "a");
assert_eq!(string(req, "/a/b/this_one", 1).as_str(), "b");
assert_eq!(string(req, "/a/b/this_one", 2).as_str(), "this_one");
assert_eq!(string(req, "/a/b/this_one", 3).as_str(), "unnamed");
assert_eq!(string(req, "/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h", 7).as_str(), "h");

Retrieves and parses into T all of the path segments in the request URI beginning and including the 0-indexed nth non-empty segment. T must implement FromSegments, which is used to parse the segments.

This method exists only to be used by manual routing. To retrieve segments from a request, use Rocket's code generation facilities.

Error

If there are fewer than n non-empty segments, returns None. If parsing the segments failed, returns Some(Err(T:Error)).

Example

use std::path::PathBuf;

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

fn path<'s>(req: &'s mut Request, uri: &'static str, n: usize) -> PathBuf {
    req.set_uri(Origin::parse(uri).unwrap());

    req.get_segments(n)
        .and_then(|r| r.ok())
        .unwrap_or_else(|| "whoops".into())
}

assert_eq!(path(req, "/", 0), PathBuf::from("whoops"));
assert_eq!(path(req, "/a/", 0), PathBuf::from("a"));
assert_eq!(path(req, "/a/b/c", 0), PathBuf::from("a/b/c"));
assert_eq!(path(req, "/a/b/c", 1), PathBuf::from("b/c"));
assert_eq!(path(req, "/a/b/c", 2), PathBuf::from("c"));
assert_eq!(path(req, "/a/b/c", 6), PathBuf::from("whoops"));

Retrieves and parses into T the query value with key key. T must implement FromFormValue, which is used to parse the query's value. Key matching is performed case-sensitively. If there are multiple pairs with key key, the last one is returned.

This method exists only to be used by manual routing. To retrieve query values from a request, use Rocket's code generation facilities.

Error

If a query segment with key key isn't present, returns None. If parsing the value fails, returns Some(Err(T:Error)).

Example

use std::path::PathBuf;
use rocket::http::{RawStr, uri::Origin};

fn value<'s>(req: &'s mut Request, uri: &'static str, key: &str) -> &'s RawStr {
    req.set_uri(Origin::parse(uri).unwrap());

    req.get_query_value(key)
        .and_then(|r| r.ok())
        .unwrap_or("n/a".into())
}

assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=apple&z=zebra", "a").as_str(), "apple");
assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=apple&z=zebra", "z").as_str(), "zebra");
assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=apple&z=zebra", "A").as_str(), "n/a");
assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=apple&z=zebra&a=argon", "a").as_str(), "argon");
assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=1&a=2&a=3&b=4", "a").as_str(), "3");
assert_eq!(value(req, "/?a=apple&z=zebra", "apple").as_str(), "n/a");

Trait Implementations

impl<'r> Clone for Request<'r>
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Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<'r> Debug for Request<'r>
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impl<'r> Display for Request<'r>
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Pretty prints a Request. This is primarily used by Rocket's logging infrastructure.

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<'r> !Send for Request<'r>

impl<'r> !Sync for Request<'r>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> From for T
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impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
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impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
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impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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impl<T> Typeable for T where
    T: Any

Get the TypeId of this object.

impl<T> IntoCollection for T
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impl<T, I> AsResult for T where
    I: Input
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