Crate retour

source ·
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A cross-platform detour library written in Rust.


This library provides a thread-safe, inline detouring functionality by disassembling and patching functions during runtime, using assembly opcodes allocated within executable memory. It modifies the target functions and replaces their prolog with an unconditional jump.

Beyond the basic functionality this library handles several different edge cases:

  • Relative branches.
  • RIP relative operands.
  • Detects NOP-padding.
  • Relay for large offsets (>2GB).
  • Supports hot patching.


Three different types of detours are provided:

  • Static: A static & type-safe interface. Thanks to its static nature it can accept a closure as its detour, but is required to be statically defined at compile time.

  • Generic: A type-safe interface — the same prototype is enforced for both the target and the detour. It is also enforced when invoking the original target.

  • Raw: The underlying building block that the others types abstract upon. It has no type-safety and interacts with raw pointers. It should be avoided unless any types are references, or not known until runtime.


  • static-detour: Required for static detours, due to usage of unboxed_closures and tuple_trait. The feature also enables a more extensive test suite. Requires nightly compiler
  • thiscall-abi: Required for hooking functions that use the “thiscall” ABI, which is nightly only. Requires nightly compiler


  • Both x86 & x86-64 are supported.


To illustrate a detour on an x86 platform:

0 int return_five() {
1     return 5;
00400020 [b8 05 00 00 00] mov eax, 5
00400025 [c3]             ret
2 }
4 int detour_function() {
5     return 10;
00400040 [b8 0A 00 00 00] mov eax, 10
00400045 [c3]             ret
6 }

To detour return_five the library by default tries to replace five bytes with a relative jump (the optimal scenario), which works in this case. Executable memory will be allocated for the instruction and the function’s prolog will be replaced.

0 int return_five() {
1     return detour_function();
00400020 [e9 16 00 00 00] jmp 1b <detour_function>
00400025 [c3]             ret
2 }
4 int detour_function() {
5     return 10;
00400040 [b8 0a 00 00 00] mov eax, 10
00400045 [c3]             ret
6 }

Beyond what is shown here, a trampoline is also generated so the original function can be called regardless whether the function is hooked or not.

For various injection methods, see the README in the GitHub repo


  • static_detourstatic-detour
    A macro for defining static, type-safe detours.



  • A representation of all possible errors.


  • Trait representing a function that can be used as a target or detour for detouring.
  • Trait indicating that Self can be detoured by the given function D.

Type Definitions

  • The result of a detour operation.