Function rayon::iter::split

source ·
pub fn split<D, S>(data: D, splitter: S) -> Split<D, S>where
    D: Send,
    S: Fn(D) -> (D, Option<D>) + Sync,
Expand description

The split function takes arbitrary data and a closure that knows how to split it, and turns this into a ParallelIterator.


As a simple example, Rayon can recursively split ranges of indices

use rayon::iter;
use rayon::prelude::*;
use std::ops::Range;

// We define a range of indices as follows
type Range1D = Range<usize>;

// Splitting it in two can be done like this
fn split_range1(r: Range1D) -> (Range1D, Option<Range1D>) {
    // We are mathematically unable to split the range if there is only
    // one point inside of it, but we could stop splitting before that.
    if r.end - r.start <= 1 { return (r, None); }

    // Here, our range is considered large enough to be splittable
    let midpoint = r.start + (r.end - r.start) / 2;
    (r.start..midpoint, Some(midpoint..r.end))

// By using iter::split, Rayon will split the range until it has enough work
// to feed the CPU cores, then give us the resulting sub-ranges
iter::split(0..4096, split_range1).for_each(|sub_range| {
    // As our initial range had a power-of-two size, the final sub-ranges
    // should have power-of-two sizes too
    assert!((sub_range.end - sub_range.start).is_power_of_two());

This recursive splitting can be extended to two or three dimensions, to reproduce a classic “block-wise” parallelization scheme of graphics and numerical simulations:

// A two-dimensional range of indices can be built out of two 1D ones
struct Range2D {
    // Range of horizontal indices
    pub rx: Range1D,

    // Range of vertical indices
    pub ry: Range1D,

// We want to recursively split them by the largest dimension until we have
// enough sub-ranges to feed our mighty multi-core CPU. This function
// carries out one such split.
fn split_range2(r2: Range2D) -> (Range2D, Option<Range2D>) {
    // Decide on which axis (horizontal/vertical) the range should be split
    let width = r2.rx.end - r2.rx.start;
    let height = r2.ry.end - r2.ry.start;
    if width >= height {
        // This is a wide range, split it on the horizontal axis
        let (split_rx, ry) = (split_range1(r2.rx), r2.ry);
        let out1 = Range2D {
            rx: split_rx.0,
            ry: ry.clone(),
        let out2 =|rx| Range2D { rx, ry });
        (out1, out2)
    } else {
        // This is a tall range, split it on the vertical axis
        let (rx, split_ry) = (r2.rx, split_range1(r2.ry));
        let out1 = Range2D {
            rx: rx.clone(),
            ry: split_ry.0,
        let out2 =|ry| Range2D { rx, ry, });
        (out1, out2)

// Again, rayon can handle the recursive splitting for us
let range = Range2D { rx: 0..800, ry: 0..600 };
iter::split(range, split_range2).for_each(|sub_range| {
    // If the sub-ranges were indeed split by the largest dimension, then
    // if no dimension was twice larger than the other initially, this
    // property will remain true in the final sub-ranges.
    let width = sub_range.rx.end - sub_range.rx.start;
    let height = sub_range.ry.end - sub_range.ry.start;
    assert!((width / 2 <= height) && (height / 2 <= width));