[][src]Struct pyo3::once_cell::GILOnceCell

pub struct GILOnceCell<T>(_);

A write-once cell similar to once_cell::OnceCell.

Unlike once_cell::sync which blocks threads to achieve thread safety, this implementation uses the Python GIL to mediate concurrent access. This helps in cases where once_sync or lazy_static's synchronization strategy can lead to deadlocks when interacting with the Python GIL. For an example, see the FAQ section of the guide.


The following example shows how to use GILOnceCell to share a reference to a Python list between threads:

use pyo3::prelude::*;
use pyo3::types::PyList;
use pyo3::once_cell::GILOnceCell;

static LIST_CELL: GILOnceCell<Py<PyList>> = GILOnceCell::new();

pub fn get_shared_list(py: Python) -> &PyList {
        .get_or_init(py, || PyList::empty(py).into())


impl<T> GILOnceCell<T>[src]

pub const fn new() -> Self[src]

Create a GILOnceCell which does not yet contain a value.

pub fn get(&self, _py: Python<'_>) -> Option<&T>[src]

Get a reference to the contained value, or None if the cell has not yet been written.

pub fn get_or_init<F>(&self, py: Python<'_>, f: F) -> &T where
    F: FnOnce() -> T, 

Get a reference to the contained value, initializing it if needed using the provided closure.

Note that:

  1. reentrant initialization can cause a stack overflow.
  2. if f() temporarily releases the GIL (e.g. by calling Python::import) then it is possible (and well-defined) that a second thread may also call get_or_init and begin calling f(). Even when this happens GILOnceCell guarantees that only one write to the cell ever occurs - other threads will simply discard the value they compute and return the result of the first complete computation.
  3. if f() does not release the GIL and does not panic, it is guaranteed to be called exactly once, even if multiple threads attempt to call get_or_init
  4. if f() can panic but still does not release the GIL, it may be called multiple times, but it is guaranteed that f() will never be called concurrently

pub fn get_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut T>[src]

Get the contents of the cell mutably. This is only possible if the reference to the cell is unique.

pub fn set(&self, _py: Python<'_>, value: T) -> Result<(), T>[src]

Set the value in the cell.

If the cell has already been written, Err(value) will be returned containing the new value which was not written.

Trait Implementations

impl<T: Send> Send for GILOnceCell<T>[src]

impl<T: Send + Sync> Sync for GILOnceCell<T>[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<T> !RefUnwindSafe for GILOnceCell<T>

impl<T> Unpin for GILOnceCell<T> where
    T: Unpin

impl<T> UnwindSafe for GILOnceCell<T> where
    T: UnwindSafe

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.