The EVM module allows unmodified EVM code to be executed in a Substrate-based blockchain.
There are a separate set of accounts managed by the EVM module. Substrate based accounts can call the EVM Module to deposit or withdraw balance from the Substrate base-currency into a different balance managed and used by the EVM module. Once a user has populated their balance, they can create and call smart contracts using this module.
There’s one-to-one mapping from Substrate accounts and EVM external accounts that is defined by a conversion function.
The EVM module should be able to produce nearly identical results compared to the Ethereum mainnet, including gas cost and balance changes.
Observable differences include:
- The available length of block hashes may not be 256 depending on the configuration of the System module in the Substrate runtime.
- Difficulty and coinbase, which do not make sense in this module and is currently hard coded to zero.
We currently do not aim to make unobservable behaviors, such as state root, to be the same. We also don’t aim to follow the exact same transaction / receipt format. However, given one Ethereum transaction and one Substrate account’s private key, one should be able to convert any Ethereum transaction into a transaction compatible with this module.
The gas configurations are configurable. Right now, a pre-defined Istanbul hard fork configuration option is provided.
Basic account information.
Implements the transaction payment for a module implementing the
trait (eg. the pallet_balances) using an unbalance handler (implementing
Ensure that the origin never happens.
Ensure that the origin is root.
Ensure that the EVM address is the same as the Substrate address. This only works if the account
Ensure that the address is truncated hash of the origin. Only works if the account id is
Account definition used for genesis block construction.
Genesis config for the module, allow to build genesis storage.
Hashed address mapping.
Identity address mapping.
Returns the Substrate block hash by number.
External input from the transaction.
Exit error reason.
Exit fatal reason.
Exit revert reason.
Exit succeed reason.
Events for this module.
A trait for getting a block hash by number.
EVM module trait
Trait that outputs the current transaction gas price.
A mapping function that converts Ethereum gas to Substrate weight
Handle withdrawing, refunding and depositing of transaction fees.
One single precompile used by EVM engine.
Custom precompiles to be used by EVM engine.