[][src]Crate limitation

A rate limiter using a fixed window counter for arbitrary keys, backed by Redis.


This library provides a fixed window counter for arbitrary keys backed by a Redis instance. The period length and per-period maximum limit are configurable on setup. The communication with the backend is performing in a non-blocking, asynchronous fashion allowing the library to pair with other async frameworks such as Tokio, Actix, etc.

Note: Currently pre-async/await Futures are used (that is Futures 0.1.x) but that may be upgraded in the near future as the Rust 1.39.0 release is near.


Add limitation to your Cargo.toml:

limitation = "0.1.1"

Quick Example

The primary type is the Limiter which uses a builder to construct itself. Once built, use the count method with a key representing a user, a session, an interaction, etc. Note that count is a Future and therefore has to be driving to completion with a runtime. For example, to run one count on a key of "":

use limitation::Limiter;
use futures::Future;

// Build a Limiter with a default rate with a local running Redis instance
let limiter = Limiter::build("redis://").finish()?;
// The key to count and track
let key = "";

// Start and run a Tokio runtime to drive the Future to completion
        // Count returns a Status if the key is under the limit and an `Error::LimitExceeded`
        // containing a Status if the limit has been exceeded
        // This example deals with both limit exceeded and any Redis connection issues. In this
        // case we'll print the error to the standard error stream to show the current limit
        // status
        .map_err(|err| eprintln!("err: {}", err))
        // In this case we are under the limit and can print out the limit status to the
        // standard output stream
        .and_then(|status| {
            println!("ok: {:?}", status);

The Limiter Builder

The builder for the Limiter has 2 settings which can be customized to the use case:

  • limit: The high water mark for number of requests in the period. The default is 5000.
  • period: A Duration for the period window. The default is 60 minutes.
use limitation::Limiter;
use std::time::Duration;

let limiter = Limiter::build("redis://")


A simple example that uses this library can be found in limitation-example.

Related Projects and References

The primary inspiration for the implementation was a blog post called An alternative approach to building a simple API Rate limiter using NodeJS and Redis by Atul R.

Other research and references used for this library:

Ideas and Future Work

These are some ideas and potential future work for this project. If you're reading this then maybe you're curious or interesting in helping out? Great! Be sure to check out the Contributing section and dig in!

  • Investigate and offer alternative rate-limiting algorithms, notably a Sliding Window solution.
  • Add async Redis connection pooling with the bb8 and bb8-redis crates to reduce connection establishment delays.
  • Add a status method on Limiter which returns they key's Status without counting a request.
  • Add RedisServer support in an integration testing suite, similar to the infrastructure in the redis crate.



A builder for a Limiter.


A rate limiter using a fixed window counter, backed by Redis.


A report for a given key containing the limit status.



Error type for this crate.