[][src]Crate hourglass

hourglass provides support for timezone, datetime arithmetic and take care of subtleties related to time handling, like leap seconds.


Add the following in your Cargo.toml:

hourglass = "0.*"

And put this in your crate root:

extern crate hourglass;



Because a datetime without a timezone is ambiguous and error-prone, hourglass only exposes a Datetime that is timezone-aware. The creation of a Timezone is the entry point of the API. hourglass provides several way of creating a Timezone:

use hourglass::Timezone;

let utc = Timezone::utc();
let local = Timezone::local().unwrap();
let paris = Timezone::new("Europe/Paris").unwrap();
let fixed = Timezone::fixed(-5 * 3600);

A Datetime is created for a specific timezone and can be projected in another timezone:

use hourglass::Timezone;

let utc = Timezone::utc();
let paris = Timezone::new("Europe/Paris").unwrap();

// Create a `Datetime` corresponding to midnight in Paris timezone...
let t = paris.datetime(2015, 12, 25, 0, 0, 0, 0).unwrap();
// ... and project it into UTC timezone.
let t_utc = t.project(&utc);
assert_eq!(t_utc.date(), (2015, 12, 24));
assert_eq!(t_utc.time(), (23, 0, 0, 0));


Datetime arithmetic is performed with a Deltatime. Several granularities are available when handling Deltatime and will yield different results:

use hourglass::{Timezone, Deltatime};

let utc = Timezone::utc();
let t = utc.datetime(2015, 6, 30, 0, 0, 0, 0).unwrap();
let t_plus_1_day = t + Deltatime::days(1);
let t_plus_86400_sec = t + Deltatime::seconds(86400);

assert_eq!(t_plus_1_day.date(), (2015, 7, 1));
// One leap second was inserted this day.
assert_eq!(t_plus_86400_sec.date(), (2015, 6, 30));
assert_eq!(t_plus_86400_sec.time(), (23, 59, 60, 0));

Two Datetime can also be compared:

use hourglass::{Timezone, Deltatime};

let utc = Timezone::utc();
let t0 = utc.datetime(2015, 6, 30, 0, 0, 0, 0).unwrap();
let t1 = utc.datetime(2015, 7, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0).unwrap();

assert_eq!(t0 < t1, true);
assert_eq!(t0 >= t1, false);
assert_eq!(t1 == t1, true);
assert_eq!(t1 - t0, Deltatime::seconds(86401));


hourglass also provides the Every iterator for scheduling a loop body execution at regular time interval:

use hourglass::{Timezone, Deltatime, Timespec, Every};

let paris = Timezone::new("Europe/Paris").unwrap();
let until = Timespec::now() + Deltatime::seconds(5);

for t in Every::until(Deltatime::seconds(1), until) {
    println!("it is {} in Paris", t.to_datetime(&paris).format("%H:%M:%S").unwrap());

The Range iterator can be used to iterate over a range of Timespec:

use hourglass::{Deltatime, Timespec, Range};

let now = Timespec::now();
let then = now + Deltatime::minutes(1);

for t in Range::new(now, then, Deltatime::seconds(1)) {
    println!("tick {}", t.seconds());



A precise point in time along associated to a Timezone.


A delta of time used in Datetime arithmetic.


An iterator used to schedule execution at regular time interval.


An iterator over a period of time.


An offset from the Unix Epoch.


A timezone.



Possible errors when formatting a Datetime.


Possible errors when creating a Datetime.


Possible errors when creating a Timezone.