Crate fantoccini [] [src]

A high-level API for programmatically interacting with web pages through WebDriver.

This crate uses the WebDriver protocol to drive a conforming (potentially headless) browser through relatively high-level operations such as "click this element", "submit this form", etc.

Most interactions are driven by using CSS selectors. With most WebDriver-compatible browser being fairly recent, the more expressive levels of the CSS standard are also supported, giving fairly powerful.

Forms are managed by first calling Client::form, and then using the methods on Form to manipulate the form's fields and eventually submitting it.

For low-level access to the page, Client::source can be used to fetch the full page HTML source code, and Client::raw_client_for to build a raw HTTP request for a particular URL.


These examples all assume that you have a WebDriver compatible process running on port 4444. A quick way to get one is to run geckodriver at the command line. The code also has partial support for the legacy WebDriver protocol used by chromedriver and ghostdriver.

The examples will be using unwrap generously --- you should probably not do that in your code, and instead deal with errors when they occur. This is particularly true for methods that you expect might fail, such as lookups by CSS selector.

Let's start out clicking around on Wikipedia:

let mut c = Client::new("http://localhost:4444").unwrap();
// go to the Wikipedia page for Foobar
assert_eq!(c.current_url().unwrap().as_ref(), "");
// click "Foo (disambiguation)"
// click "Foo Lake"
c.by_link_text("Foo Lake").unwrap().click().unwrap();
assert_eq!(c.current_url().unwrap().as_ref(), "");

How did we get to the Foobar page in the first place? We did a search! Let's make the program do that for us instead:

// go to the Wikipedia frontpage this time
// find, fill out, and submit the search form
    let mut f = c.form("#search-form").unwrap();
    f.set_by_name("search", "foobar").unwrap();
// we should now have ended up in the rigth place
assert_eq!(c.current_url().unwrap().as_ref(), "");

What if we want to download a raw file? Fantoccini has you covered:

// go back to the frontpage
// find the source for the Wikipedia globe
let img = c.by_selector("img.central-featured-logo")
    .expect("image should be on page")
    .expect("image should have a src");
// now build a raw HTTP client request (which also has all current cookies)
let raw = c.raw_client_for(fantoccini::Method::Get, &img).unwrap();
// this is a RequestBuilder from hyper, so we could also add POST data here
// but for this we just send the request
let mut res = raw.send().unwrap();
// we then read out the image bytes
use std::io::prelude::*;
let mut pixels = Vec::new();
res.read_to_end(&mut pixels).unwrap();
// and voilla, we now have the bytes for the Wikipedia logo!
assert!(pixels.len() > 0);
println!("Wikipedia logo is {}b", pixels.len());



Error types.



A WebDriver client tied to a single browser session.


A single element on the current page.


An HTML form on the current page.



The Request Method (VERB)