utf8-ranges 0.1.3

Convert ranges of Unicode codepoints to UTF-8 byte ranges.

utf8-ranges

This crate converts contiguous ranges of Unicode scalar values to UTF-8 byte ranges. This is useful when constructing byte based automata from Unicode. Stated differently, this lets one embed UTF-8 decoding as part of one's automaton.

Linux build status

Dual-licensed under MIT or the UNLICENSE.

Documentation

http://burntsushi.net/rustdoc/utf8_ranges/

Example

This shows how to convert a scalar value range (e.g., the basic multilingual plane) to a sequence of byte based character classes.

extern crate utf8_ranges;

use utf8_ranges::Utf8Sequences;

fn main() {
    for range in Utf8Sequences::new('\u{0}', '\u{FFFF}') {
        println!("{:?}", range);
    }
}

The output:

[0-7F]
[C2-DF][80-BF]
[E0][A0-BF][80-BF]
[E1-EC][80-BF][80-BF]
[ED][80-9F][80-BF]
[EE-EF][80-BF][80-BF]

These ranges can then be used to build an automaton. Namely:

  1. Every arbitrary sequence of bytes matches exactly one of the sequences of ranges or none of them.
  2. Every match sequence of bytes is guaranteed to be valid UTF-8. (Erroneous encodings of surrogate codepoints in UTF-8 cannot match any of the byte ranges above.)