handlebars 0.16.1

Handlebars templating implemented in Rust.


Rust templating with Handlebars.

Build Status MIT licensed


(Photo ref)

This library works on stable Rust 1.4.0 and above. In most time, it also works on beta and nightly channel.

Getting Started

Check examples in the source. The example shows you how to:

  • Create a Handlebars and register the template from files
  • Create a custom Helper with closure or struct implementing HelperDef, and register it
  • Render something

Run cargo run --example render to see results. (or RUST_LOG=handlebars=info cargo run --example render for logging output).

Checkout examples/ for more concrete demos of current API.

From 0.13, you can use either rustc_serialize or serde for your data type. By default we use ToJson from rustc_serialize to convert your data into handlebars internal types. If you use serde framework in your project, you can enable serde_type feature of this crate and we will use Serialize from serde to convert.


Rust doc.


Change log is available in the source tree named as CHANGELOG.md.

Why (this) Handlebars?

Handlebars is a real-world templating system that you can use to build your application without pain.


Isolation of Rust and HTML

This library doesn't attempt to use some macro magic to allow you to write your template within your rust code. I admit that it's fun to do that but it doesn't fit real-world use case.

Limited but essential control structure built-in

Only essential control directive if and each were built-in. This prevents you to put too much application logic into your template.

Extensible helper system

You can write your own helper with Rust! It can be a block helper or inline helper. Put you logic into the helper and don't repeat yourself.

A helper can be as a simple as a Rust function like:

fn hex_helper (c: &Context, h: &Helper, _: &Handlebars, rc: &mut RenderContext) -> Result<(), RenderError> {
    let param = h.params().get(0).unwrap();
    let rendered = format!("{:x}", c.navigate(rc.get_path(), param).render());

/// register the helper
handlebars.register_helper("hex", Box::new(hex_helper));

And using it in your template:

{{hex my_value}}

Template inheritance

Every time I look into a templating system, I will investigate its support for template inheritance.

Template include is not sufficient for template reuse. In most case you will need a skeleton of page as parent (header, footer, etc.), and embed you page into this parent.

You can find a real example for template inheritance in examples/partials.rs, and templates used by this file.


  • This implementation is not fully compatible with the original javascript version. Specifically, mustache list iteration and null check doesn't work. But you can use #each and #if for same behavior.
  • You will need to make your data ToJson-able, so we can render it. If you were on nightly channel, we have a syntax extension to generate default ToJson implementation for you. If you use serde, you can enable serde_type feature of handlebars-rust and add #derive[Serialize] for your types.

Handlebars-js features supported in Handlebars-rust

  • Expression / Block Helpers
  • Built-in helpers
    • each
    • if
    • with
    • lookup
    • partial
    • block
    • include >
    • log
  • Custom helper
  • Parameter and hashes for helper
  • Partials, include
  • Omitting whitespace with ~
  • Subexpression {{(foo bar)}}
  • Json expression a.b.[0] and a.b.[c]
  • RawHelper syntax {{{{raw-helper}}}}...{{{{/raw-helper}}}}

JavaScript implementation features we don't have

  • Mustache block (use if/each instead)
  • Block params (Perhaps using this)
  • Chained else
  • ...

Feel free to report an issue if you find something broken. We aren't going to implement all features of handlebars-js, but we should have a workaround for cases we don't support.

Handlebars for Iron

I have started another project handlebars-iron for the Iron web framework.


This library (handlebars-rust) is open sourced under MIT License.


Ning Sun (sunng@about.me)