evcxr_jupyter 0.3.0

An Jupyter Kernel for Rust
evcxr_jupyter-0.3.0 is not a library.

EvCxR Jupyter Kernel

Latest Version

A Jupyter Kernel for the Rust programming language.

Installation

Linux (Debian/Ubuntu)

sudo apt install libzmq3-dev jupyter-notebook
cargo install evcxr_jupyter
evcxr_jupyter --install

Mac OS X

install jupyter or jupyterlab (eg. via anaconda)

brew install zeromq pkg-config
cargo install evcxr_jupyter
evcxr_jupyter --install

Usage notes

  • Functions, structs etc need to all be declared pub, otherwise they can't be referenced from later cells.
  • To see what variables you've got defined, type ":vars".
  • Don't ask Jupyter to "interrupt kernel", it won't work. Rust threads can't be interrupted.
  • If your code panics, any non-copy variables referenced by the code being run will be lost. Variables with Copy types and variables not referenced by the code are preserved.
  • If your code segfaults (e.g. due to buggy unsafe code), aborts, exits etc, the process in which the code runs will be restarted. All variables will be lost.

Custom output

The last expression in a cell gets printed. By default, we'll use the debug formatter to emit plain text. If you'd like, you can provide a function to show your type (or someone else's type) as HTML (or an image). To do this, the type needs to implement a method called evcxr_display which should then print one or more mime-typed blocks to stdout. Each block starts with a line containing BEGIN_EVCXR_OUTPUT followed by the mime type, then a newline, the content then ends with a line containing EVCXR_END_CONTENT.

For example, the following shows how you might provide a custom display function for a type Matrix. You can copy this code into a Jupyter notebook cell to try it out.

use std::fmt::Debug;
pub struct Matrix<T> {pub values: Vec<T>, pub row_size: usize}
impl<T: Debug> Matrix<T> {
    pub fn evcxr_display(&self) {
        let mut html = String::new();
        html.push_str("<table>");
        for r in 0..(self.values.len() / self.row_size) {
            html.push_str("<tr>");
            for c in 0..self.row_size {
                html.push_str("<td>");
                html.push_str(&format!("{:?}", self.values[r * self.row_size + c]));
                html.push_str("</td>");
            }
            html.push_str("</tr>");
        }
        html.push_str("</table>");
        println!("EVCXR_BEGIN_CONTENT text/html\n{}\nEVCXR_END_CONTENT", html);
    }
}
let m = Matrix {values: vec![1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9], row_size: 3};
m

It's probably a good idea to either print the whole block at once, or to lock stdout then print the block. This should ensure that nothing else prints to stdout at the same time (at least no other Rust code).

If the content is binary (e.g. mime type "image/png") then it should be base64 encoded.

Uninstall

evcxr_jupyter --uninstall
cargo uninstall evcxr_jupyter