egui 0.13.1

Simple, portable immediate mode GUI library for Rust

egui: an easy-to-use GUI in pure Rust!

Try the live web demo: Read more about egui at

egui is in heavy development, with each new version having breaking changes. You need to have rust 1.51.0 or later to use egui.

To quickly get started with egui, you can take a look at egui_template which uses eframe.

To create a GUI using egui you first need a [CtxRef] (by convention referred to by ctx). Then you add a [Window] or a [SidePanel] to get a [Ui], which is what you'll be using to add all the buttons and labels that you need.

Using egui

To see what is possible to build with egui you can check out the online demo at

If you like the "learning by doing" approach, clone and get started using egui right away.

A simple example

Here is a simple counter that can be incremented and decremented using two buttons:

fn ui_counter(ui: &mut egui::Ui, counter: &mut i32) {
// Put the buttons and label on the same row:
ui.horizontal(|ui| {
if ui.button("-").clicked() {
*counter -= 1;
if ui.button("+").clicked() {
*counter += 1;

In some GUI frameworks this would require defining multiple types and functions with callbacks or message handlers, but thanks to egui being immediate mode everything is one self-contained function!

Getting a [Ui]

Use one of [SidePanel], [TopBottomPanel], [CentralPanel], [Window] or [Area] to get access to an [Ui] where you can put widgets. For example:

# let mut ctx = egui::CtxRef::default();
# ctx.begin_frame(Default::default());
egui::CentralPanel::default().show(&ctx, |ui| {
ui.add(egui::Label::new("Hello World!"));
ui.label("A shorter and more convenient way to add a label.");
if ui.button("Click me").clicked() {
/* take some action here */

Quick start

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
# let mut my_string = String::new();
# let mut my_boolean = true;
# let mut my_f32 = 42.0;
ui.label("This is a label");
ui.text_edit_singleline(&mut my_string);
if ui.button("Click me").clicked() { }
ui.add(egui::Slider::new(&mut my_f32, 0.0..=100.0));
ui.add(egui::DragValue::new(&mut my_f32));

ui.checkbox(&mut my_boolean, "Checkbox");

enum Enum { First, Second, Third }
let mut my_enum = Enum::First;
ui.horizontal(|ui| {
ui.radio_value(&mut my_enum, Enum::First, "First");
ui.radio_value(&mut my_enum, Enum::Second, "Second");
ui.radio_value(&mut my_enum, Enum::Third, "Third");


# let my_image = egui::TextureId::default();
ui.image(my_image, [640.0, 480.0]);

ui.collapsing("Click to see what is hidden!", |ui| {
ui.label("Not much, as it turns out");


Conventions unless otherwise specified:

  • angles are in radians
  • Vec2::X is right and Vec2::Y is down.
  • Pos2::ZERO is left top.
  • Positions and sizes are measured in points. Each point may consist of many physical pixels.

Integrating with egui

Most likely you are using an existing egui backend/integration such as eframe, bevy_egui, or egui-miniquad, but if you want to integrate egui into a new game engine, this is the section for you.

To write your own integration for egui you need to do this:

# fn handle_output(_: egui::Output) {}
# fn paint(_: Vec<egui::ClippedMesh>) {}
# fn gather_input() -> egui::RawInput { egui::RawInput::default() }
let mut ctx = egui::CtxRef::default();

// Game loop:
loop {
let raw_input: egui::RawInput = gather_input();

egui::CentralPanel::default().show(&ctx, |ui| {
ui.label("Hello world!");
if ui.button("Click me").clicked() {
/* take some action here */

let (output, shapes) = ctx.end_frame();
let clipped_meshes = ctx.tessellate(shapes); // create triangles to paint

Understanding immediate mode

egui is an immediate mode GUI library. It is useful to fully grok what "immediate mode" implies.

Here is an example to illustrate it:

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
if ui.button("click me").clicked() {
# fn take_action() {}

This code is being executed each frame at maybe 60 frames per second. Each frame egui does these things:

  • lays out the letters click me in order to figure out the size of the button
  • decides where on screen to place the button
  • check if the mouse is hovering or clicking that location
  • chose button colors based on if it is being hovered or clicked
  • add a [Shape::Rect] and [Shape::Text] to the list of shapes to be painted later this frame
  • return a [Response] with the clicked member so the user can check for interactions

There is no button being created and stored somewhere. The only output of this call is some colored shapes, and a [Response].

Read more about the pros and cons of immediate mode at

How widgets works

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
if ui.button("click me").clicked() { take_action() }
# fn take_action() {}

is short for

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
let button = egui::Button::new("click me");
if ui.add(button).clicked() { take_action() }
# fn take_action() {}

which is short for

# use egui::Widget;
# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
let button = egui::Button::new("click me");
let response = button.ui(ui);
if response.clicked() { take_action() }
# fn take_action() {}

[Button] uses the builder pattern to create the data required to show it. The [Button] is then discarded.

[Button] implements trait [Widget], which looks like this:

# use egui::*;
pub trait Widget {
/// Allocate space, interact, paint, and return a [`Response`].
fn ui(self, ui: &mut Ui) -> Response;


You can control the size of widgets using [Ui::add_sized].

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
# let mut my_value = 0.0_f32;
ui.add_sized([40.0, 20.0], egui::DragValue::new(&mut my_value));

Code snippets

# let ui = &mut egui::Ui::__test();
# let mut some_bool = true;
// Miscellaneous tips and tricks

ui.spacing_mut().item_spacing.x = 0.0; // remove spacing between widgets
// `radio_value` also works for enums, integers, and more.
ui.radio_value(&mut some_bool, false, "Off");
ui.radio_value(&mut some_bool, true, "On");
ui.label("Within a frame");

// A `scope` creates a temporary [`Ui`] in which you can change settings:
ui.visuals_mut().override_text_color = Some(egui::Color32::RED);
ui.style_mut().override_text_style = Some(egui::TextStyle::Monospace);
ui.style_mut().wrap = Some(false);

ui.label("This text will be red, monospace, and won't wrap to a new line");
}); // the temporary settings are reverted here