Expand description

Welcome to arrow2’s documentation. Thanks for checking it out!

This is a library for efficient in-memory data operations with Arrow in-memory format. It is a re-write from the bottom up of the official arrow crate with soundness and type safety in mind.

Check out the guide for an introduction. Below is an example of some of the things you can do with it:

use std::sync::Arc;

use arrow2::array::*;
use arrow2::datatypes::{Field, DataType, Schema};
use arrow2::compute::arithmetics;
use arrow2::error::Result;
use arrow2::io::parquet::write::*;
use arrow2::chunk::Chunk;

fn main() -> Result<()> {
    // declare arrays
    let a = Int32Array::from(&[Some(1), None, Some(3)]);
    let b = Int32Array::from(&[Some(2), None, Some(6)]);

    // compute (probably the fastest implementation of a nullable op you can find out there)
    let c = arithmetics::basic::mul_scalar(&a, &2);
    assert_eq!(c, b);

    // declare a schema with fields
    let schema = Schema::from(vec![
        Field::new("c1", DataType::Int32, true),
        Field::new("c2", DataType::Int32, true),

    // declare chunk
    let chunk = Chunk::new(vec![a.arced(), b.arced()]);

    // write to parquet (probably the fastest implementation of writing to parquet out there)

    let options = WriteOptions {
        write_statistics: true,
        compression: CompressionOptions::Snappy,
        version: Version::V1,

    let row_groups = RowGroupIterator::try_new(
        vec![vec![Encoding::Plain], vec![Encoding::Plain]],

    // anything implementing `std::io::Write` works
    let mut file = vec![];

    let mut writer = FileWriter::try_new(file, schema, options)?;

    // Write the file.
    for group in row_groups {
    let _ = writer.end(None)?;

Cargo features

This crate has a significant number of cargo features to reduce compilation time and number of dependencies. The feature "full" activates most functionality, such as:

  • io_ipc: to interact with the Arrow IPC format
  • io_ipc_compression: to read and write compressed Arrow IPC (v2)
  • io_csv to read and write CSV
  • io_json to read and write JSON
  • io_flight to read and write to Arrow’s Flight protocol
  • io_parquet to read and write parquet
  • io_parquet_compression to read and write compressed parquet
  • io_print to write batches to formatted ASCII tables
  • compute to operate on arrays (addition, sum, sort, etc.)

The feature simd (not part of full) produces more explicit SIMD instructions via std::simd, but requires the nightly channel.


Contains the Array and MutableArray trait objects declaring arrays, as well as concrete arrays (such as Utf8Array and MutableUtf8Array).

contains Bitmap and MutableBitmap, containers of bool.

Contains Buffer, an immutable container for all Arrow physical types (e.g. i32, f64).

Contains Chunk, a container of Array where every array has the same length.

contains a wide range of compute operations (e.g. arithmetics, aggregate, filter, comparison, and sort)

Contains all metadata, such as PhysicalType, DataType, Field and Schema.

Defines Error, representing all errors returned by this crate.

contains FFI bindings to import and export Array via Arrow’s C Data Interface

Contains modules to interface with other formats such as csv, parquet, json, ipc, print and avro.

contains the Scalar trait object representing individual items of Arrays, as well as concrete implementations such as BooleanScalar.

Conversion methods for dates and times.

Sealed traits and implementations to handle all physical types used in this crate.

Misc utilities used in different places in the crate.


The enum Either with variants Left and Right is a general purpose sum type with two cases.