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//
// copied, modified, or distributed except according to those terms.

//! # Himmelblau test function
//!
//! Defined as
//!
//! f(x_1, x_2) = (x_1^2 + x_2 - 11)^2 + (x_1 + x_2^2 - 7)^2
//!
//! where x_i \in [-5, 5].
//!
//! The global minima are at
//!  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(3, 2) = 0.
//!  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(-2.805118, 3.131312) = 0.
//!  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(-3.779310, -3.283186) = 0.
//!  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(3.584428, -1.848126) = 0.

use num::{Float, FromPrimitive};

/// Himmelblau test function
///
/// Defined as
///
/// f(x_1, x_2) = (x_1^2 + x_2 - 11)^2 + (x_1 + x_2^2 - 7)^2
///
/// where x_i \in [-5, 5].
///
/// The global minima are at
///  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(3, 2) = 0.
///  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(-2.805118, 3.131312) = 0.
///  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(-3.779310, -3.283186) = 0.
///  * f(x_1, x_2) = f(3.584428, -1.848126) = 0.
pub fn himmelblau<T: Float + FromPrimitive>(param: &[T]) -> T {
assert!(param.len() == 2);
let (x1, x2) = (param[0], param[1]);
(x1.powi(2) + x2 - T::from_f64(11.0).unwrap()).powi(2)
+ (x1 + x2.powi(2) - T::from_f64(7.0).unwrap()).powi(2)
}

mod tests {
#[test]
fn test_himmelblau_optimum() {
assert!((::himmelblau(&[3.0_f32, 2.0_f32])).abs() < ::std::f32::EPSILON);
assert!((::himmelblau(&[-2.805118_f32, 3.131312_f32])).abs() < ::std::f32::EPSILON);
assert!((::himmelblau(&[-3.779310_f32, -3.283186_f32])).abs() < ::std::f32::EPSILON);
assert!((::himmelblau(&[3.584428_f32, -1.848126_f32])).abs() < ::std::f32::EPSILON);

// Since I don't know the 64bit location of the minima,the f64 version cannot be reliably
// tested without allowing an error several magnitudes larger than EPSILON.
// assert!((::himmelblau(&[3.0_f64, 2.0_f64])).abs() < ::std::f64::EPSILON);
// assert!((::himmelblau(&[-2.805118_f64, 3.131312_f64])).abs() < ::std::f64::EPSILON);
// assert!((::himmelblau(&[-3.779310_f64, -3.283186_f64])).abs() < ::std::f64::EPSILON);
// assert!((::himmelblau(&[3.584428_f64, -1.848126_f64])).abs() < ::std::f64::EPSILON);
}

#[test]
#[should_panic]
fn test_himmelblau_param_length() {
::himmelblau(&[0.0_f32, -1.0_f32, 0.1_f32]);
}
}