Crate actix_rt

source ·
Expand description

Tokio-based single-threaded async runtime for the Actix ecosystem.

In most parts of the the Actix ecosystem, it has been chosen to use !Send futures. For this reason, a single-threaded runtime is appropriate since it is guaranteed that futures will not be moved between threads. This can result in small performance improvements over cases where atomics would otherwise be needed.

To achieve similar performance to multi-threaded, work-stealing runtimes, applications using actix-rt will create multiple, mostly disconnected, single-threaded runtimes. This approach has good performance characteristics for workloads where the majority of tasks have similar runtime expense.

The disadvantage is that idle threads will not steal work from very busy, stuck or otherwise backlogged threads. Tasks that are disproportionately expensive should be offloaded to the blocking task thread-pool using task::spawn_blocking.


use std::sync::mpsc;
use actix_rt::{Arbiter, System};

let _ = System::new();

let (tx, rx) = mpsc::channel::<u32>();

let arbiter = Arbiter::new();
arbiter.spawn_fn(move || tx.send(42).unwrap());

let num = rx.recv().unwrap();
assert_eq!(num, 42);


§io-uring Support

There is experimental support for using io-uring with this crate by enabling the io-uring feature. For now, it is semver exempt.

Note that there are currently some unimplemented parts of using actix-rt with io-uring. In particular, when running a System, only System::block_on is supported.


  • TCP/UDP/Unix bindings (mostly Tokio re-exports).
  • Asynchronous signal handling (Tokio re-exports).
  • Task management (Tokio re-exports).
  • Utilities for tracking time (Tokio re-exports).


  • Pins a value on the stack.


  • An Arbiter represents a thread that provides an asynchronous execution environment for futures and functions.
  • A handle for sending spawn and stop messages to an Arbiter.
  • A Tokio-based runtime proxy.
  • A manager for a per-thread distributed async runtime.
  • Runner that keeps a System’s event loop alive until stop message is received.


  • Spawns a future on the current thread as a new task.

Attribute Macros§

  • Marks async entry-point function to be executed by Actix system.
  • Marks async test function to be executed in an Actix system.