[][src]Crate abstract_integers

This crate defines specification-friendly natural integers with an upper bound. Operations on these integers can be defined as modular (modulo the upper bound) or regular (with a panic on underflow or overflow).

As each integer gets its own Rust type, the compiler detects and prevent any mixing between all the diffent integers you would have defined.

Defining a new integer type

Here is the macro used to defined the SizeNatExample type of this crate:

This example is not tested
define_abstract_integer_checked!(SizeNatExample, 64);

SizeNat is the name of the newly-created type. 64 is the number of bits of the machine representation of the type. From the number of bits is derived an upper bound for the integer for which all operations are checked for overflow.

The resulting integer type is copyable, and supports addition, substraction, multiplication, integer division, remainder, comparison and equality. The from_literal method allows you to convert integer literals into your new type.

Refining an integer type for modular arithmetic

On top of a previously defined abstract integer, you can define another type that lets you implement modular arithmetic. For instance, this crate defines the arithmetic field over the 9th Mersenne prime with:

This example is not tested
   SizeNatExample::pow2(61) - SizeNatExample::from_literal(1)

The first argument of this new macro is the name of the newly defined refined type. The second argument is the name of the base abstract integer that will act as the representation. The third example is the modulo for all operations, defined as a value of the base type.


let x1 = SizeNatExample::from_literal(687165654266415);
let x2 = SizeNatExample::from_literal(4298832000156);
let x3 = x1 + x2;
assert_eq!(SizeNatExample::from_literal(691464486266571), x3);
let x4 = SizeNatExample::from_literal(8151084996540);
let x5 = x3 - x4;
assert_eq!(SizeNatExample::from_literal(683313401270031), x5.into());
let x6 = x5 / SizeNatExample::from_literal(1541654268);
assert_eq!(SizeNatExample::from_literal(443233), x6.into());
let x7 : SizeNatFieldExample = SizeNatFieldExample::from_literal(2305843009213693951) + x6.into();
assert_eq!(x7, x6.into());



Defines a bounded natural integer with regular arithmetic operations, checked for overflow and underflow.


Defines a bounded natural integer with modular arithmetic operations