[][src]Function abomonation::decode

pub unsafe fn decode<T: Abomonation>(
    bytes: &mut [u8]
) -> Option<(&T, &mut [u8])>

Decodes a mutable binary slice into an immutable typed reference.

decode treats the first mem::size_of::<T>() bytes as a T, and will then exhume the element, offering it the ability to consume prefixes of bytes to back any owned data. The return value is either a pair of the typed reference &T and the remaining &mut [u8] binary data, or None if decoding failed due to lack of data.


The decode method is unsafe due to a number of unchecked invariants.

Decoding arbitrary &[u8] data can result in invalid utf8 strings, enums with invalid discriminants, etc. decode does perform bounds checks, as part of determining if enough data are present to completely decode, and while it should only write within the bounds of its &mut [u8] argument, the use of invalid utf8 and enums are undefined behavior.

Please do not decode data that was not encoded by the corresponding implementation.

In addition, decode does not ensure that the bytes representing types will be correctly aligned. On several platforms unaligned reads are undefined behavior, but on several other platforms they are only a performance penalty.


use abomonation::{encode, decode};

// create some test data out of abomonation-approved types
let vector = (0..256u64).map(|i| (i, format!("{}", i)))

// encode a Vec<(u64, String)> into a Vec<u8>
let mut bytes = Vec::new();
unsafe { encode(&vector, &mut bytes); }

// decode a &Vec<(u64, String)> from &mut [u8] binary data
if let Some((result, remaining)) = unsafe { decode::<Vec<(u64, String)>>(&mut bytes) } {
    assert!(result == &vector);
    assert!(remaining.len() == 0);